Pedicularis verticillata

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 2: 608. 1753.

Common names: Whorled lousewort
Synonyms: Pediculariopsis verticillata (Linnaeus) Á. Löve & D. Löve
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 534. Mentioned on page 511, 519.

Plants 5–25 cm. Leaves: basal 5–25, blade elliptic, 10–20 x 3–8 mm, 1-pinnatifid or 2-pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping or slightly overlapping distally, serrate, surfaces glabrous or tomentose; cauline whorled, whorls 1 or 2, leaves per whorl 3–5, blade lanceolate, 5–30 x 3–10 mm, 1-pinnatifid or 2-pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping or slightly overlapping, serrate, surfaces glabrous. Racemes verticillate, 1–10, exceeding basal leaves, each 10–40-flowered; bracts lanceolate to trullate, 4–20 x 2–5 mm, undivided or 1-pinnatifid or 2-pinnatifid, margins serrate, surfaces glabrous or sparsely tomentose. Pedicels 0.7–2.5 mm. Flowers: calyx 3.5–10 mm, glabrous or pilose, lobes 5, deltate, 0.3–1 mm, apex entire, glabrous or ciliate; corolla 10–18 mm, tube light or dark-pink, 5–8 mm; galea light or dark-pink or purple, 5–7 mm, beakless, margins entire medially and distally, apex arching slightly over abaxial lip; abaxial lip light pink with purple veins and/or purple spots or purple with dark veins, 5–7 mm. 2n = 12.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Sep.
Habitat: Arctic meadows and thickets, muskegs, arctic and alpine tundras.
Elevation: 0–1800 m.

Distribution

B.C., N.W.T., Yukon, Alaska, Europe, Asia

Discussion

In the flora area, Pedicularis verticillata and P. chamissonis are the only species of Pedicularis with whorled leaves.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Pedicularis verticillata"
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
beakless +  and beaked +
ciliate +  and glabrous +
Bruce W. Robart +
Linnaeus +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
2-pinnatifid;1-pinnatifid;lanceolate;2-pinnatifid;1-pinnatifid +
not leathery +  and not fleshy +
3mm;10mm +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
2-pinnatifid +, 1-pinnatifid +, undivided +, lanceolate +  and trullate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
pilose;glabrous +
tubular +, campanulate +  and symmetric +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
fleshy +  and woody +
Whorled lousewort +
white +, yellow +, red +, purple +  and pink +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
B.C. +, N.W.T. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Europe +  and Asia +
0–1800 m. +
hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
purple +, dark-pink +  and light +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
Arctic meadows and thickets, muskegs, arctic and alpine tundras. +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
deltate +
entire +  and serrate +
overlapping +  and nonoverlapping +
crenate +  and serrate +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
Flowering Jun–Sep. +
10-40-flowered +
verticillate +
5 +  and 100 +
5 +  and 2 +
subequal +
aerial +  and subterranean +
Woolly (?) +, Villous (?) +, Hispid (?) +  and Glabrous (?) +
tomentose;glabrous;glabrous;tomentose;glabrous +
Pediculariopsis verticillata +
Pedicularis verticillata +
Pedicularis +
species +
dark-pink;light +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
dark +  and purple spots +