Sp. Pl. 2: 608. 1753.
Plants 5–25 cm. Leaves: basal 5–25, blade elliptic, 10–20 x 3–8 mm, 1-pinnatifid or 2-pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping or slightly overlapping distally, serrate, surfaces glabrous or tomentose; cauline whorled, whorls 1 or 2, leaves per whorl 3–5, blade lanceolate, 5–30 x 3–10 mm, 1-pinnatifid or 2-pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping or slightly overlapping, serrate, surfaces glabrous. Racemes verticillate, 1–10, exceeding basal leaves, each 10–40-flowered; bracts lanceolate to trullate, 4–20 x 2–5 mm, undivided or 1-pinnatifid or 2-pinnatifid, margins serrate, surfaces glabrous or sparsely tomentose. Pedicels 0.7–2.5 mm. Flowers: calyx 3.5–10 mm, glabrous or pilose, lobes 5, deltate, 0.3–1 mm, apex entire, glabrous or ciliate; corolla 10–18 mm, tube light or dark-pink, 5–8 mm; galea light or dark-pink or purple, 5–7 mm, beakless, margins entire medially and distally, apex arching slightly over abaxial lip; abaxial lip light pink with purple veins and/or purple spots or purple with dark veins, 5–7 mm. 2n = 12.
Phenology: Flowering Jun–Sep.
Habitat: Arctic meadows and thickets, muskegs, arctic and alpine tundras.
Elevation: 0–1800 m.
B.C., N.W.T., Yukon, Alaska, Europe, Asia
In the flora area, Pedicularis verticillata and P. chamissonis are the only species of Pedicularis with whorled leaves.