Pellaea gastonyi

Windham

Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 19: 36. 1993.

Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.

Stems compact, ascending, stout, 5–10 mm diam.; scales uniformly reddish-brown, linear-subulate, 0.1–0.3 mm wide, thin, margins entire to denticulate. Leaves somewhat dimorphic, sterile leaves shorter than fertile leaves, clustered on stem, 8–25 cm; croziers villous. Petiole reddish purple to dark-brown, lustrous, rounded adaxially, without prominent articulation lines. Blade elongate-deltate to lanceolate, 2-pinnate proximally, 3–6 cm wide; rachis purple or brown throughout, straight, rounded adaxially, sparsely villous with long, divergent hairs. Pinnae ascending or perpendicular to rachis, not decurrent on rachis or obscurely so, usually with 3–7 ultimate segments; costae straight, 2–30 mm, usually shorter than ultimate segments. Ultimate segments oblong-lanceolate, 7–30 mm, leathery, sparsely villous abaxially near midrib; margins usually recurved on fertile segments, covering less than 1/2 abaxial surface, borders whitish, crenulate; apex obtuse to slightly mucronate. Veins of ultimate segments obscure. Sporangia long-stalked, containing 32 spores, not intermixed with farina-producing glands.


Phenology: Sporulating summer–fall.
Habitat: Calcareous cliffs and ledges, usually on limestone
Elevation: 100–1500 m

Distribution

V2 343-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Sask., Mo., S.Dak., Wyo.

Discussion

Pellaea gastonyi is an apogamous tetraploid that has originated through repeated hybridization between P. atropurpurea and P. glabella. Isozyme studies (G. J. Gastony 1988) indicate that P. glabella subsp. missouriensis was the diploid parent of plants found in Missouri, whereas diploid P. glabella subsp. occidentalis was involved in the origin of P. gastonyi populations occurring in western North America. Pellaea gastonyi is most often confused with P. atropurpurea, from which it differs in having sparsely villous rachises, smaller ultimate segments, and spores averaging more than 62 µm in diameter.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Pellaea gastonyi"
Michael D. Windham +
Windham +
cordate +, truncate +  and rounded +
glabrous +  and pubescent +
elongate-deltate +  and lanceolate +
3cm;6cm +
crenulate +
straight +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Sask. +, Mo. +, S.Dak. +  and Wyo. +
100–1500 m +
yellow +  and white +
obcordate;reniform +
Calcareous cliffs and ledges, usually on limestone +
monomorphic +
clustered;widely scattered +
recurved +  and reflexed +
fertile +  and sterile +
noncircinate +  and circinate +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +
entire +, erose +  and dentate +
entire +  and denticulate +
reddish purple;dark-brown +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
Sporulating summer–fall. +
perpendicular +  and ascending +
Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. +
brown +  and purple +
reddish-brown +
persistent +
linear-subulate +
thin +, 0.1mm +  and 0.3mm +
brown +  and tan +
cristate +  and tetrahedral-globose +
dark colored +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Pellaea gastonyi +
species +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
crescent--shaped +  and roundish +
branched +  and anastomosing +