Peniocereus striatus

(Brandegee) Buxbaum in H. Krainz et al.

in H. Krainz et al., Kakteen 62: CIIa. 1975.

Common names: Jacamatraca cardoncillo gearste m cactus
Illustrated
Basionyms: Cereus striatus Brandegee Zoë 2: 19. 1891
Synonyms: Cereus diguetii F. A. C. Weber Neoevansia diguetii (F. A. C. Weber) W. T. Marshall Neoevansia striata (Brandegee) Sánchez-Mejorada Peniocereus diguetii (F. A. C. Weber) Backeberg Wilcoxia diguetii (F.A.C.W eber) Diguet & Guillaumin Wilcoxia striata (Brandegee) Britton & Rose
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 157. Mentioned on page 156.

Shrubs, suberect to sprawling, very inconspicuous. Roots 12 or more, ending in sweet potatolike swellings, 10–15 × 4–7 cm. Stems greenish brown to brown, branched, 25–75 (–100) cm, distally 6 mm diam., at midlength ca. 6 mm diam.; wood hollow, solid-surfaced cylinders, proximally 3–7 mm diam.; ribs 6–9, flat-topped to 2 mm broad, narrowing toward sinus, 0.5 mm deep, separated by narrow grooves; areoles 5–20 mm apart along ribs, circular, 1 mm diam. Spines 5–12 per areole, yellowish white, some with black tips, nearly acicular, weak and easily broken off, 1.5–4 mm; radial spines encircling central spines, abaxial 3 longest, appressed, scurfy when young; central spines 2–3 porrect. Flowers: nocturnal, 7–10 cm; scales of flower tubes green-purple to reddish; outer tepals reddish to green-purple; inner tepals white to lightly tinted rose, lanceolate to oblanceolate, 2 cm, attenuate to apiculate; stamens 1 cm; anthers pale lemon yellow, 1.5–2 mm; style yellow-white, 6 cm; stigma lobes 9, yellowish white. Fruits scarlet, pyriform, 40–50 × 25 mm, with bristlelike spines. Seeds 1 × 0.8 mm; testa pitted near hilum.


Phenology: Flowering summer; fruiting summer–early fall.
Habitat: Sonoran Desert, flats, small hills
Elevation: 0-500 m

Distribution

V4 304-distribution-map.gif

Ariz., Mexico (Baja California Sur), Mexico (Sinaloa), Mexico (Sonora)

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Peniocereus striatus"
yellow +  and pale lemon +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (?) +
cushionlike +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
deciduous +  and persistent +
woolly +, glabrate +  and lanose +
hourglass--shaped +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
Donald J. Pinkava +
(Brandegee) Buxbaum in H. Krainz et al. +
hardened +
swollen +
Cereus striatus +
triangular +
polygonal +
proliferating +
flattened +  and cylindric +
Jacamatraca +, cardoncillo +  and gearste m cactus +
not mucilaginous +
Ariz. +, Mexico (Baja California Sur) +, Mexico (Sinaloa) +  and Mexico (Sonora) +
0-500 m +
not separating +
fragrant +
7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
indehiscent +
persistent +, long +  and deciduous +
40mm;50mm +
tuberculate +
pyriform +
25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br /> (?) +
Sonoran Desert, flats, small hills +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (7.5 cm75 mm <br />0.075 m <br />) +
attenuate +  and apiculate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +
deciduous +  and persistent +
rudimentary +
flat +  and terete +
nearly +  and microscopic +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
tuberculate +
fluted;spheric;depressed-spheric or club-shaped +
ciliate +  and entire +
entire +  and slightly undulate +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
scaleless +  and scaly +
deciduous +  and persistent +
Flowering summer +  and fruiting summer–early fall. +
not mucilaginous +
ridgelike +  and nipple--shaped +
in H. Krainz et al., Kakteen +
prominent +
flat-topped +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +
narrowing;0mm;2mm +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (?) +  and 15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (?) +
tuberlike +  and turnip--shaped +
4cm +  and 7cm +
green-purple +  and reddish +
triangular +
arillate +  and strophiolate +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
dull +  and shiny +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (?) +
Illustrated +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
yellowish white +
deciduous +  and persistent +
scurfy +, puberulent +  and glabrate +
5 (?) +  and 12 (?) +
acicular +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
hard +  and rigid +
decurrent +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
greenish brown +  and brown +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (?) +
25cm;300cm +
angled +, terete +  and columnar +
slender +
25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br /> (75 cm750 mm <br />0.75 m <br />) +
0.3cm;2cm +
yellowish white +
yellow-white +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (?) +
tuberculate +
potato-like +
Cereus diguetii +, Neoevansia diguetii +, Neoevansia striata +, Peniocereus diguetii +, Wilcoxia diguetii +  and Wilcoxia striata +
adventitious +
tuberlike +
epipetric +  and epiphytic +
Peniocereus striatus +
Peniocereus +
species +
lanceolate;oblanceolate apiculate +
dull +  and glossy +
flaring +
epiphytic;epiphytic;epiphytic +
suberect +  and sprawling +
barrel-shaped +  and spheric +
solid-surfaced +  and hollow +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
cylinders +