Phleum paniculatum

Huds.
Common names: British timothy
Introduced
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 24.

Plants annual. Culms 5-30 (55) cm, erect. Sheaths of the flag leaves not inflated; auricles not developed; ligules 5-7 mm, acute; blades to 19 cm long, 5-7 mm wide, flat or folded. Panicles 1-12 cm long, 3.5-7 mm wide, narrowly cylindrical, tapering somewhat distally. Glumes 1.5-2.5 mm, scabrous, inflated, keels sometimes slightly ciliate, margins ciliate distally, apices abruptly truncate, mucronate to awned, awns to 0.6 mm, lower glumes pilose on the margins; lemmas about 1/3 as long as the glumes, pubescent; anthers 0.3-0.5 mm. 2n = 28.

Discussion

Phleum paniculatum is native to dry habitats in southern and south-central Europe. In the Flora region, it is known only from old ballast dump records.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"decumbent" is not a number.

... more about "Phleum paniculatum"
membranous +  and scarious +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br />) +
Mucronate (?) +  and Awned (?) +
Mary E. Barkworth +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
straight +
basal +  and terminal +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
keeled +  and rounded +
pseudopetiolate +  and branching +
not connate +
intravaginal +, extravaginal +, branching +  and basal +
keeled +, cuneate +  and u--shaped +
swelling +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (19 cm190 mm <br />0.19 m <br />) +
not evident +
folded +  and flat +
5mm;7mm +
spikelike +
British timothy +
not branching +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
not woody +
N.Y. +  and Oreg. +
1/6 +  and 1/4 +
liquid +, soft +  and hard +
capillary +
pistillate +  and staminate +
sometimes longer +
sterile +  and bisexual +
compressed +
reduced +
subtending +
inflated +
unequal +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
uncinate +
not keeled +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
membranous +
inconspicuous +
concealed +  and prominent +
2 +  and 1 +
well-developed +
2-keeled +
subequal +
1cm +  and 12cm +
tapering +  and cylindrical +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
dry +  and fleshy +
not inflated +
Introduced +
1 +  and 60 +
compressed +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
simple +  and compound +
2 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
Gramineae +
Phleum paniculatum +
species +
membranous +
parallel +  and converging +
stoloniferous +  and rhizomatous +
aquatic +  and terrestrial +