Pinus albicaulis

Engelmann

Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 209. 1863.

Common names: Whitebark pine pine à blanche écorce
Endemic
Synonyms: Apinus albicaulis (Engelmann) Rydberg
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.

Trees to 21m; trunk to 1.5m diam., straight to twisted and contorted; crown conic, becoming rounded to irregularly spreading. Bark pale gray, from distance appearing whitish to light gray and smooth, in age separating into thin plates. Branches spreading to ascending, often persistent to trunk base; twigs stout, pale redbrown, with light-brown, often glandular puberulence, somewhat roughened by elevated scars, aging gray to pale gray-brown. Buds ovoid, light-redbrown, 0.8–1cm; scale margins entire. Leaves 5 per fascicle, mostly ascending and upcurved, persisting 5–8 years, 3–7cm × 1–1.5 (–2) mm, mostly connivent, deep yellow-green, abaxial surface less so, adaxial surface conspicuously whitened by stomates, margins rounded, minutely serrulate distally, apex conic-acute; sheath 0.8–1.2cm, shed early. Pollen cones cylindro-ovoid, ca. 10–15mm, scarlet. Seed-cones remaining on tree (unless dislodged by animals), not opening naturally but through animal agency, spreading, symmetric, broadly ovoid to depressed-ovoid or nearly globose, 4–8cm, dull gray to black-purple, sessile to short-stalked; scales thin-based and easily broken off; apophyses much thickened, strongly cross-keeled, tip upcurved, brown; umbo terminal, short, incurved, broadly triangular, tip acute. Seeds obovoid; body 7–11mm, chestnut-brown, wingless. 2n =24.


Habitat: Thin, rocky, cold soils at or near timberline, montane forests
Elevation: 1300–3700m

Distribution

V2 585-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Calif., Idaho, Mont., Nev., Oreg., Wash., Wyo.

Discussion

Although two reliable dendrologists, G. B. Sudworth (1917) and N. T. Mirov (1967), include Utah in the distribution of Pinus albicaulis, more recent workers have not found it to occur there.

The fresh-cut wood of Pinus albicaulis is sweet-scented. Seeds are dispersed mainly by Clark's nutcracker [Nucifraga columbiana (Wilson), family Corvidae].

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Pinus albicaulis"
whitish +  and light gray +
resinous +
cross-keeled +
Robert Kral +
Engelmann +
chestnut-brown +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
persistent +
spreading +  and ascending +
light-redbrown +
conspicuous +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Whitebark pine +  and pine à blanche écorce +
sessile +  and short-stalked +
gray;black-purple +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
broadly ovoid +  and depressed-ovoid or nearly globose +
rounded +  and conic +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Calif. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, Nev. +, Oreg. +, Wash. +  and Wyo. +
1300–3700m +
sheathed +  and sessile +
rounded +, 2-3-angled +  and terete +
Thin, rocky, cold soils at or near timberline, montane forests +
sessile +  and short-petiolate +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
yellow-green +
persisting +
3cm;7cm +
5 (?) +  and 8 (?) +
scale-like +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
not winged +  and 2-winged +
cylindro-ovoid +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis +
lanner1982a +
fibrous;woody +
arranged +  and overlapping +
persistent +
flattened +
pliable +  and woody +
relatively thin;strongly thickened +
grouped +  and solitary +
long-persistent +
wingless +, winged +, stalked +  and sessile +
persistent +
pendent;more or less erect +
obovoid +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
reduced;well-defined short +
extended +
Apinus albicaulis +
Pinus albicaulis +
species +
decurrent +  and elongate +
straight +
gray +  and pale gray-brown +
puberulence +
triangular +
reduced +