Piperia candida

Rand. Morgan & Ackerman

Lindleyana 5: 207, figs. 1H–N, 2. 1990.

IllustratedEndemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 574. Mentioned on page 572.

Plants 10–60 cm. Stems uniform toward base, 0.7–3.5 mm diam. distal to leaves; bracts 2–5 (–10). Leaves prostrate to erect-spreading; blade 5–18 × 1.1–3.5 cm. Inflorescences sparsely flowered, ± secund, (2–) 10–30 cm; rachis shorter than or equal to peduncle; bracts 3–10 mm. Flowers white, fragrance faint, harsh to honeylike; sepals oblongelliptic, 1.8–3.5 (–4.5) × 1–1.9 mm; dorsal sepal projecting to ± recurved; lateral sepals deflexed, ± twisted; petals usually projecting forward and ± connivent, white, midvein faintly green, asymmetrically lanceolate, 2–4 × 1 mm; lip recurved, triangular-ovate, (1.5–) 2–3 (–4 mm) × 1–2.8 mm; spur curved, tapered, 1.5–4 mm; viscidia broadly elliptic to ovate, 0.3–0.6 × 0.2–0.4 mm; rostellum ± elongate. Capsules 5–9 mm. Seeds cinnamon brown. 2n = 42.


Phenology: Flowering late spring–summer (May–Aug).
Habitat: Conifer and mixed evergreen forests, chaparral, sometimes on serpentine soils, not more than 150 km from coast
Elevation: 0–1500 m

Distribution

V26 1173-distribution-map.jpg

B.C., Alaska, Calif., Oreg., Wash.

Discussion

The flowers in Piperia candida are more completely white and more ephemeral than in any other member of the genus.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Piperia candida"
self-pollination +
James D. Ackerman +  and Randall Morgan +
Rand. Morgan & Ackerman +
indehiscent +
simple +  and sessile +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (18 cm180 mm <br />0.18 m <br />) +
lanceolate +  and oblanceolate +
1.1cm;3.5cm +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (?) +
inconspicuous +
parallel +  and close +
B.C. +, Alaska +, Calif. +, Oreg. +  and Wash. +
projecting +  and more or less recurved +
0–1500 m +
harsh +  and honeylike +
ellipsoid;sausage-shaped +
Conifer and mixed evergreen forests, chaparral, sometimes on serpentine soils, not more than 150 km from coast +
secund +  and flowered +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
lateral +  and terminal +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
petiolate +, sessile +  and simple +
duplicate +, convolute +, whorled +, opposite +, distichous +  and alternate +
ephemeral +
cauline +  and basal +
2 (?) +  and 6 (?) +
reduced +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
triangular-ovate +
larger +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br />) +
differing in form and color +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
lanceolate +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
Flowering late spring–summer (May–Aug). +
spicate +  and many-flowered +
aerial +  and subterranean +
minute +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
free +, distinct +, adnate +  and connate +
oblongelliptic +
foliaceous +
not +  and alike +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.19 cm1.9 mm <br />0.0019 m <br />) +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
tapered +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
pendent +  and erect +
proliferous +
thickened +  and stout +
Piperia candida +
species +
ellipsoid-ovoid +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
broadly elliptic +  and ovate +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br />) +
aquatic +, lithophytic +, terrestrial +  and epiphytic +
saprophytic +, photosynthetic +  and mycotrophic +