Plagiomnium insigne

(Mitten) T. J. Koponen

Ann. Bot. Fenn. 5: 146. 1968.

EndemicIllustrated
Basionym: Mnium insigne Mitten Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 8: 230. 1856
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 233. Mentioned on page 229, 230, 234, 235.

Erect stems 3–8 cm, not dendroid; sterile stems to 10 cm. Leaves dark green, green, or yellow-green, crisped and contorted when dry, flat when moist, elliptic, narrowly elliptic, or occasionally ovate or oblong, (3–) 5–9 (–11) mm; base broadly long-decurrent; margins toothed to near base, teeth sharp, of 1 or 2 cells; apex acute, acuminate, or occasionally obtuse or rounded, cuspidate, cusp toothed; costa excurrent, percurrent, or rarely subpercurrent; medial laminal cells usually short-elongate or ± isodiametric, 40–70 (–80) µm, somewhat smaller near margins to about 1/2 size, in weakly defined longitudinal rows, rarely in diagonal rows, collenchymatous, walls pitted, pits often indistinct; marginal cells linear, in 3–4 (–5) rows. Sexual condition dioicous. Seta 3–6 (–8), reddish proximally, yellow distally, 2–4 cm. Capsule pendent, cylindric, 3.5–4.5 mm, neck not distinct; operculum conic-apiculate. Spores 20–25 µm.


Phenology: Capsules mature late spring.
Habitat: Humus or soil in shaded habitats in forests, along trails, lawns in urban habitats
Elevation: low to moderate elevations

Distribution

V28 372-distribution-map.gif

B.C., Alaska, Calif., Idaho, Mont., Oreg., Wash., Wyo.

Discussion

Plagiomnium insigne is typically a large species, often forming extensive mats or turfs. It is fairly common in forests and in shaded urban habitats along the west coast. Plagiomnium medium is usually smaller, lighter green, and found in generally wetter habitats than P. insigne. According to T. J. Koponen (1974), older fertile stems of P. medium are more densely covered with rhizoids than those of P. insigne that are nearly rhizoid free.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Plagiomnium insigne"
blackish +, orange-yellow +, reddish-brown +, yellowish-brown +, yellowish green +, red +, brown +  and yellow +
Rounded (?) +, Obtuse (?) +, Acuminate (?) +  and Acute (?) +
Terry T. McIntosh +  and Steven G. Newmaster +
(Mitten) T. J. Koponen +
long-decurrent +
Mnium insigne +
cucullate +
yellowish-brown +  and yellow +
cylindric +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
undifferentiated +
1 (?) +  and 2 (?) +
nodulose +
percurrent +  and excurrent +
subpercurrent +
toothed +
B.C. +, Alaska +, Calif. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, Oreg. +, Wash. +  and Wyo. +
low to moderate elevations +
yellow +  and yellowish-brown +
brown +  and yellow +
lanceolate-acuminate +
Humus or soil in shaded habitats in forests, along trails, lawns in urban habitats +
crowded +  and distant +
elliptic +  and contorted +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
yellow-green +, green +  and dark green +
oblong +, ovate +, elliptic +  and crisped +
larger +  and small +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
yellow-green +  and green +
dioicous +  and sexual +
rhomboidal +  and linear +
isodiametric +  and short-elongate +
not distinct +
rostrate +  and conic-apiculate +
Capsules mature late spring. +
indistinct +
Ann. Bot. Fenn. +
smaller +  and larger +
yellow +  and reddish +
straight +  and flexuose +
3 +  and 6 +
elongate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
spheric +
not dendroid +
brownish +, yellow-green +  and green +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
Plagiomnium insigne +
Plagiomnium +
species +