Plagiomnium rostratum

(Schrader) T. J. Koponen

Ann. Bot. Fenn. 5: 147. 1968.

Basionym: Mnium rostratum Schrader Bot. Zeitung (Regensburg) 1: 79. 1802
Synonyms: M. longirostrum Bridel
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 234. Mentioned on page 229, 230, 231, 232, 233.

Erect stems 1–2 cm, not dendroid; sterile stems to 6 cm. Leaves light to dark green, sometimes black with age, crisped and contorted when dry, flat or sometimes weakly undulate in older leaves when moist, broadly elliptic or ovate, 2.5–4 (–7) mm; base not or weakly decurrent; margins weakly toothed distally or to near base, occasionally entire, teeth blunt, of 1 (or 2) cells; apex broadly rounded, truncate, or retuse, rarely emarginate, apiculate or rarely cuspidate, cusp smooth; costa percurrent, short-excurrent, or rarely subpercurrent; medial laminal cells short-elongate or ± isodiametric, 22–35 (–45) µm, slightly smaller near margins, in indistinct longitudinal or diagonal rows, strongly collenchymatous, walls not pitted; marginal cells linear or sometimes short-linear, in 3–5 rows. Sexual condition synoicous. Seta 1–4, yellow, reddish with age, 1.5–3 (–4) cm. Capsule horizontal to pendent, cylindric or oblong-cylindric, 2.5–4.5 mm, neck not distinct; operculum rostrate. Spores 22–33 µm.


Phenology: Capsules mature late spring–summer.
Habitat: Calcareous cliffs, woods, rock, soil
Elevation: low to moderate elevations

Distribution

V28 374-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Alaska, Ark., Calif., Conn., Idaho, La., Mich., Miss., Mont., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Wash., Mexico (Coahuila), South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Indian Ocean Islands, Pacific Islands, Australia

Discussion

Plagiomnium rostratum is characterized by its small size, often retuse or emarginate leaf apices, not or weakly decurrent leaves, small, blunt marginal teeth, and, in fertile collections, long-rostrate opercula. Plants are commonly observed as masses of sterile stems growing closely to the substratum.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Plagiomnium rostratum"
blackish +, orange-yellow +, reddish-brown +, yellowish-brown +, yellowish green +, red +, brown +  and yellow +
cuspidate +, apiculate +  and emarginate +
Retuse (?) +, Truncate (?) +  and Rounded (?) +
Terry T. McIntosh +  and Steven G. Newmaster +
(Schrader) T. J. Koponen +
decurrent +
Mnium rostratum +
cucullate +
yellowish-brown +  and yellow +
horizontal;pendent +
oblong-cylindric +  and cylindric +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
undifferentiated +
nodulose +
short-excurrent +  and percurrent +
subpercurrent +
bent +, not +  and toothed +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Alaska +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Conn. +, Idaho +, La. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mont. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Wash. +, Mexico (Coahuila) +, South America +, Europe +, Asia +, Africa +, Indian Ocean Islands +, Pacific Islands +  and Australia +
low to moderate elevations +
yellow +  and yellowish-brown +
brown +  and yellow +
lanceolate-acuminate +
Calcareous cliffs, woods, rock, soil +
crowded +  and distant +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
black +, light +  and dark green +
ovate +, elliptic +, undulate +  and crisped +
larger +  and small +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
yellow-green +  and green +
to near base +  and toothed +
synoicous +  and sexual +
rhomboidal +  and linear +
isodiametric +  and short-elongate +
not distinct +
Capsules mature late spring–summer. +
Ann. Bot. Fenn. +
smaller +  and larger +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
reddish +  and yellow +
straight +  and flexuose +
1 +  and 4 +
elongate +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
spheric +
not dendroid +
brownish +, yellow-green +  and green +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
M. longirostrum +
Plagiomnium rostratum +
Plagiomnium +
species +