Platanthera grandiflora

(Bigelow) Lindley

Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl., 294. 1835.

Endemic
Basionym: Orchis grandiflora Bigelow Fl. Boston ed. 2, 321. 1824
Synonyms: Habenaria fimbriata (Dryander) R. Brown Habenaria psycodes var. grandiflora (Bigelow) A. Gray
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 565. Mentioned on page 552, 566, 567.

Plants 27–120 cm. Leaves 2–6, widespreading and recurved to somewhat ascending, scattered along stem, gradually reduced to bracts distally; blade lanceolate, elliptic, oblongelliptic, or oblong-obovate, 13–24 × 2.5–9 cm. Spikes lax to rather dense. Flowers resupinate, showy, lavender to rose-purple, rarely white; lateral sepals spreading to somewhat reflexed; petals ovate, oblong, elliptic-oblong, or oblong-obovate, margins crenate to dentate-lacerate, sometimes nearly entire; lip descending to somewhat porrect, deeply 3-lobed, without basal thickening, 10–25 × 14–26 mm, distal margins of lobes fringed, usually deeply, lateral lobes sometimes perpendicular to middle lobe, lateral lobes cuneate, often broadly so, middle lobe broadly cuneate-flabellate, often emarginate to 2-fid; spur clavate, 15–35 mm; rostellum lobes directed forward, spreading, angular; pollinaria nearly straight; pollinia remaining enclosed in anther sacs; viscidia orbiculate; ovary slender to stout, 12–25 mm. 2n = 42.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Alluvial and swamp forests, stream banks, seeping slopes, marshes, sphagnum bog forests, mesic wooded slopes, old fields
Elevation: 0–1800 m

Distribution

V26 1152-distribution-map.jpg

N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Conn., Maine, Md., Mass., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va.

Discussion

Platanthera grandiflora is known to hybridize with P. lacera in the northeasternmost portion of its range, where the species bloom simultaneously. The name P. ×keenanii P. M. Brown has recently been proposed for these hybrids, but the complex synonymy of this group dictates that types be checked for possible priority. See the discussion under P. lacera. A few specimens also suggest very rare hybridization with P. psycodes (W. P. Stoutamire 1974).

Rare white-flowered plants may be separated from 23. Platanthera leucophaea by the orientation of the pollinia.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Platanthera grandiflora"
self-pollination +
Charles J. Sheviak +
(Bigelow) Lindley +
Orchis grandiflora +
indehiscent +
not +  and articulate +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
13 cm130 mm <br />0.13 m <br /> (24 cm240 mm <br />0.24 m <br />) +
oblong-obovate +, oblongelliptic +, elliptic +  and lanceolate +
2.5cm;9cm +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
14mm +  and 26mm +
N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Conn. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
0–1800 m +
3-merous +, sessile +  and pedicellate +
white +, lavender +  and rose-purple +
ellipsoid;cylindric +
Alluvial and swamp forests, stream banks, seeping slopes, marshes, sphagnum bog forests, mesic wooded slopes, old fields +
lateral +  and terminal +
reflexed +  and spreading to somewhat +
petiolate +, sessile +  and simple +
2 (?) +  and 6 (?) +
reduced +
porrect +  and descending to somewhat +
3-lobed +
larger +
crenate +  and dentate-lacerate +
differing in form and color +
slender +  and stout +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
Flowering Jun–Aug. +
Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl., +
aerial +  and subterranean +
lancefusiform +
slender +
spreading +  and directed +
minute +
free +, distinct +, adnate +  and connate +
foliaceous +
not +  and alike +
clavate +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
leafless +  and leafy +
pendent +  and erect +
proliferous +
thickened +  and stout +
concave +  and convex +
Habenaria fimbriata +  and Habenaria psycodes var. grandiflora +
Platanthera grandiflora +
Platanthera +
species +
orbiculate +
aquatic +, lithophytic +, terrestrial +  and epiphytic +
saprophytic +, photosynthetic +  and mycotrophic +
erect to somewhat +