Pleurothallis gelida

Lindley

Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 27: Misc. 91. 1841.

Illustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 617. Mentioned on page 616.

Plants cespitose, 10–45 cm. Roots coarse. Stems 10–25 cm; sheaths 2–3, loose, inflated. Leaves: petiole 1–4 cm; blade narrowly elliptic to oblanceolate, 10–20 × 2.5–10 cm, base cuneate, apex obtuse. Inflorescences apical, many-flowered racemes, simultaneous, 10–25 cm; spathe 1–2 cm; bracts 2–3 mm; pedicels 2–4 mm. Flowers: sepals distinct, light yellow, white-pubescent, apex obtuse; dorsal sepal oblong to obovate, concave, 5–8 × 2.5–3 mm; lateral sepals connate near base to form cup, oblong, ovate, oblique, 5–7.5 × 1.5–2.5 mm, apex obtuse; petals translucent white, 3-veined, oblong to obovate, 3–3.5 × 1.75–2 mm, apex obtuse, erose or notched; lip greenish white, 3-veined, oblong to nearly pandurate, curved, 2–2.5 × 0.75–2.25 mm, apex rounded to truncate; disc with pair of lamellae near middle; column 2.5 mm, hooded; ovary 2 mm.


Phenology: Flowering winter and spring.
Habitat: Moist forests
Elevation: 0–60 m

Distribution

V26 1261-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., West Indies (Greater Antilles), Central America, South America

Discussion

Pleurothallis gelida is recognized by a loosely sheathed, stout stem with a solitary, obtuse leaf; several long racemes of small, yellowish flowers that are pubescent within; and fused lateral sepals. It is uncommon in the Fahkahatchee Swamp in Florida.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Pleurothallis gelida"
adaxial +  and apical +
self-pollination +
Rounded (?) +  and Truncate (?) +
C. A. Luer +
Lindley +
cuneate +
indehiscent +
not +  and articulate +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
narrowly elliptic +  and oblanceolate +
2.5cm;10cm +
semiterete +
Fla. +, West Indies (Greater Antilles) +, Central America +  and South America +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0–60 m +
3-merous +, sessile +  and pedicellate +
Moist forests +
clustered +, lax +  and 1-several +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.75 cm7.5 mm <br />0.0075 m <br />) +
ovate +  and oblong +
petiolate +  and sessile +
duplicate +, convolute +, whorled +, opposite +, distichous +  and alternate +
cauline +  and basal +
reduced +
greenish white +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
oblong +  and nearly pandurate +
larger +
callous +  and membranous +
0.075 cm0.75 mm <br />7.5e-4 m <br /> (0.225 cm2.25 mm <br />0.00225 m <br />) +
differing in form and color +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
0.175 cm1.75 mm <br />0.00175 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
Flowering winter and spring. +
Edwards’s Bot. Reg. +
many-flowered +
simultaneous +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +
aerial +  and subterranean +
adaxial +  and apical +
minute +
light yellow +
distinct +
white-pubescent +
subequal +
membranous +
not +  and alike +
inflated +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
Illustrated +
branched +, or +  and simple +
proliferous +
thickened +  and stout +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +
1-2-lobed +
Pleurothallis gelida +
Pleurothallis +
species +
annual +  and perennial +
plant +  and cespitose +
saprophytic +, photosynthetic +  and mycotrophic +