Rhizomnium magnifolium

(Horikawa) T. J. Koponen

Ann. Bot. Fenn. 10: 14. 1973.

Illustrated
Basionym: Mnium magnifolium Horikawa J. Jap. Bot. 11: 503, figs. 4, 5. 1935
Synonyms: M. punctatum var. elatum Schimper Rhizomnium perssonii
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 240. Mentioned on page 237, 238, 239, 242.

Plants (2–) 3–6 (–10) cm. Stems reddish-brown to black when old; micronemata present, often absent on young stems. Leaves green to dark green, contorted when dry, obovate or broadly elliptic, 4–9 (–12) mm; margins green or sometimes reddish, 1-stratose or 2-stratose; apex rounded or retuse, sometimes emarginate, rarely weakly apiculate; costa ending well before apex, subpercurrent, or percurrent, sometimes 2-fid distally; medial laminal cells elongate, (55–) 80–100 (–130) µm, weakly collenchymatous, walls lightly pitted; marginal cells linear, in 2–3 (–4) rows. Sexual condition dioicous. Seta 2–4 cm. Capsule oblong or cylindric, 3–4 mm; operculum conic-rostrate; exostome greenish yellow, lamellae 18+. Spores 25–35 µm.


Phenology: Capsules mature summer.
Habitat: Forested stream banks, seeps on moist soil, humus, rock
Elevation: low to moderate elevations

Distribution

V28 384-distribution-map.gif

Greenland, Alta., B.C., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., Que., Yukon, Alaska, Calif., Colo., Idaho, Maine, Mich., Minn., Mont., N.Y., N.C., Oreg., Pa., Wash., Wis., Wyo., Europe, Asia

Discussion

Rhizomnium magnifolium, although usually large, can sometimes be small and has been confused with R. pseudopunctatum. Fertile plants of R. pseudopunctatum are synoicous, but sterile collections are common and often ambiguous. Rhizomnium magnifolium has larger and much less pitted laminal cells than R. pseudopunctatum, and its margins are composed mainly of linear cells and are usually 2-stratose; those of R. pseudopunctatum are composed of shorter and usually rectangular or rhomboidal cells and are always 1-stratose. The length of the costa is frequently used to separate these two species, but this character is unreliable with smaller specimens of R. magnifolium. The costa of R. magnifolium is often subpercurrent or percurrent, whereas the costa of R. pseudopunctatum is usually much shorter, and only occasionally subpercurrent and rarely percurrent. For comparison with the similar 2. R. appalachianum, see the discussion there.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Rhizomnium magnifolium"
blackish +, orange-yellow +, reddish-brown +, yellowish-brown +, yellowish green +, red +, brown +  and yellow +
apiculate +  and emarginate +
Retuse (?) +  and Rounded (?) +
Terry T. McIntosh +  and Steven G. Newmaster +
(Horikawa) T. J. Koponen +
long-decurrent +
Mnium magnifolium +
cucullate +
yellowish-brown +  and yellow +
horizontal;pendent +
cylindric +  and oblong +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
undifferentiated +
2 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
nodulose +
subpercurrent +
toothed +
Greenland +, Alta. +, B.C. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Maine +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mont. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, Wash. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, Europe +  and Asia +
low to moderate elevations +
yellowish-brown +  and yellow +
greenish yellow +
lanceolate-acuminate +
Forested stream banks, seeps on moist soil, humus, rock +
crowded +  and distant +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
green +  and dark green +
elliptic +  and obovate +
larger +  and small +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
2-stratose +  and 1-stratose +
reddish +  and green +
dioicous +  and sexual +
rectangular +, rhomboidal +  and linear +
conic-rostrate +
Capsules mature summer. +
Ann. Bot. Fenn. +
smaller +  and larger +
pale +, orange +  and reddish-brown +
flexuose +  and straight to somewhat +
elongate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
Illustrated +
spheric +
not dendroid +  and simple +
reddish-brown +  and black +
arching +  and erect +
sinuate +
M. punctatum var. elatum +  and Rhizomnium perssonii +
Rhizomnium magnifolium +
Rhizomnium +
species +
blunt +  and sharp +