Sarcocornia pacifica

(Standley) A. J. Scott

Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 75: 369. 1978.

Basionym: Salicornia pacifica Standley in N. L. Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 21: 83. 1916
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 386. Mentioned on page 385.

Woody stems erect or procumbent, creeping and sometimes rooting at base, 10–50 cm; stems sparingly to much-branched, younger branches with fleshy segments 5–20 × 2–4 mm. Terminal spikes: larger with 12–40 segments, 20–85 mm. Fertile segments: larger 2–4.5 × 2.5–3.8 mm; central flowers 1.6–2.8 × 1–2.5 mm; anthers 0.7–1 mm. Seeds 1.2–1.5 mm, pubescent; hairs curved or hooked, longer hairs 1–2 mm.


Phenology: Flowering late summer–early fall.
Habitat: Coastal salt marshes, tidal flats
Elevation: 0 m

Distribution

V4 767-distribution-map.gif

Calif., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Md., Mass., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., R.I., S.C., Va., Mexico

Discussion

Sarcocornia pacifica appears to be endemic to the Americas, although its precise delimitation and distribution are unclear. Well-grown plants can be easily recognized by the long terminal spikes, but depauperate plants are difficult to distinguish from S. perennis. The name Salicornia virginica has often been applied to this species.

Salicornia ambigua Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 2. 1803, may be the earliest name for this species, although it could also be a synonym of Sarcocornia perennis. Until the taxonomy of the east-coast plants of the genus has been resolved, the application of Michaux’s binomial is uncertain.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Sarcocornia pacifica"
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (?) +
Peter W. Ball +
(Standley) A. J. Scott +
slippery +
aromatic +
Salicornia pacifica +
linear +  and broadly triangulate +
persistent +  and deciduous +
reddish-brown +, black +, brown +  and green +
much-branched +
0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br /> (0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
3(-5)-flowered +
separated +  and arranged +
Calif. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Md. +, Mass. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Va. +  and Mexico +
symmetric +, or +  and uniseriate +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
3 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
ellipsoid +
Coastal salt marshes, tidal flats +
slender +
deciduous +
decurrent +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
not winged +  and winged +
entire +  and serrate +
lobed +  and serrate-dentate +
inferior +, half-inferior +  and superior +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
1 +  and single +
nonadherent +  and adherent +
Flowering late summer–early fall. +
Bot. J. Linn. Soc. +
pointing +  and ascending +
basal +, median +  and position +
bulbous +  and taprooted +
fusiform +
fleshy +  and fibrous +
verrucate +  and striate +
ellipsoid +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
12 (?) +  and 40 (?) +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.38 cm3.8 mm <br />0.0038 m <br />) +
cylindric +
1 (?) +  and 2 (?) +
opposite +  and alternate +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
sessile +  and petiolate +
reduced;small +
horizontal +  and vertical +
verrucate +
Sarcocornia pacifica +
Sarcocornia +
species +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (8.5 cm85 mm <br />0.085 m <br />) +
deciduous +, evergreen +, perennial +  and annual +
polygamous +, dioecious +  and monoecious +