Sarcocornia perennis

(Miller) A. J. Scott

Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 75: 367. 1978.

Illustrated
Basionym: Salicornia perennis Mil ler Gard. Dict. ed. 8, Salicornia no. 2. 1768
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 386. Mentioned on page 385.

Woody stems prostrate to procumbent, creeping and usually rooting, often forming mats to 1 m diam.; with numerous, erect stems, simple or sparingly branched, 10–20 (–30) cm, larger fleshy segments 10–25 × 2–3 mm. Terminal spikes: larger with 7–14 fertile segments, 10–25 mm. Fertile segments: larger ones 1.6–3.1 × 2.9–4.4 mm; central flowers 1.3–2.8 × 1.3–2.7 mm; anthers 0.8–1 mm. Seeds 1.1–1.3 mm, pubescent; hairs strongly curved or hooked, most exceeding 1 mm, slender. 2n = 18.


Phenology: Flowering late summer–early fall.
Habitat: Salt marshes and tidal flats
Elevation: 0 m

Distribution

V4 766-distribution-map.gif

B.C., Alaska, Oreg., Wash., s, w Europe, sw Asia, n, s Africa

Discussion

Sarcocornia perennis has also been reported from the coasts of the northeastern United States, but most of these plants appear to be depauperate individuals of S. pacifica. However it is possible that some plants from New England are S. perennis, and further study is needed to determine the precise distinction between S. perennis and S. pacifica.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Sarcocornia perennis"
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (?) +
Peter W. Ball +
(Miller) A. J. Scott +
slippery +
aromatic +
Salicornia perennis +
linear +  and broadly triangulate +
persistent +  and deciduous +
reddish-brown +, black +, brown +  and green +
0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br /> (0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br />) +
0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br /> (0.27 cm2.7 mm <br />0.0027 m <br />) +
3(-5)-flowered +
separated +  and arranged +
B.C. +, Alaska +, Oreg. +, Wash. +, s +, w Europe +, sw Asia +, n +  and s Africa +
symmetric +, or +  and uniseriate +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
3 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
ellipsoid +
Salt marshes and tidal flats +
slender +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
deciduous +
decurrent +
not winged +  and winged +
entire +  and serrate +
lobed +  and serrate-dentate +
inferior +, half-inferior +  and superior +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
1 +  and single +
nonadherent +  and adherent +
Flowering late summer–early fall. +
Bot. J. Linn. Soc. +
pointing +  and ascending +
basal +, median +  and position +
bulbous +  and taprooted +
fusiform +
fleshy +  and fibrous +
verrucate +  and striate +
ellipsoid +
0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br /> (0.31 cm3.1 mm <br />0.0031 m <br />) +
7 (?) +  and 14 (?) +
0.29 cm2.9 mm <br />0.0029 m <br /> (0.44 cm4.4 mm <br />0.0044 m <br />) +
Illustrated +
cylindric +
1 (?) +  and 2 (?) +
branched +, simple +  and rooting +
opposite +  and alternate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +
prostrate +  and procumbent +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
sessile +  and petiolate +
reduced;small +
horizontal +  and vertical +
verrucate +
Sarcocornia perennis +
Sarcocornia +
species +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
deciduous +, evergreen +, perennial +  and annual +
polygamous +, dioecious +  and monoecious +