Schistidium atrofuscum

(Schimper) Limpricht

Laubm. Deutschl. 1: 713. 1889,.

Basionyms: Grimmia atrofusca Schimper Syn. Musc. Eur. ed. 2, 240. 1876
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 213. Mentioned on page 209.

Plants in compact cushions or tufts, dark-brown (-olivaceous) or near black. Stems 0.6–2.5 cm, central strand distinct. Leaves usually erect, occasionally slightly curved, sometimes towards stem when dry, ovate-triangular to ovatelanceolate, moderately keeled distally, 1.2–2.1 mm, with 2-stratose patches or striae or 2-stratose distally; margins weakly recurved to just before the apex, distal half often plane, proximally often more broadly recurved on one side of leaf, 2-stratose or 3-stratose; apices obtuse or subacute; costa subpercurrent or percurrent, rarely excurrent as a tiny awn, smooth; basal marginal cells quadrate with transverse walls sometimes thicker than longitudinal walls; distal laminal cells usually rounded or short-rectangular, 6–9 µm wide, smooth, weakly sinuose. Sexual condition autoicous. Capsule orange or redbrown, often yellowish, short cylindric or cupulate, 0.75–1 mm; exothecial cells primarily elongate mixed with patches of irregularly angular isodiametric cells, walls sometimes unevenly thickened and curved; stomata absent; peristome patent, very short, 30–100 µm, or rudimentary, orange or orange-red, densely papillose, strongly perforated and unevenly margined. Spores 11–15 (–19) µm, granulose or smooth.


Phenology: Capsules mature late spring to early summer.
Habitat: Open to somewhat shaded limestone
Elevation: moderate to high elevations (1500-2300 m)

Discussion

Schistidium atrofuscum may be the rarest North American species of the genus. It is characterized by its dark brown or nearly black, compact cushions or tufts, mostly erect, moderately keeled leaves, often 2-stratose distal lamina, and the short or rudimentary, strongly perforated peristome. G. N. Jones (1933) listed this species from Tennessee, but that has not been confirmed.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"um" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Schistidium atrofuscum"
deciduous +  and persistent +
Subacute (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
multistratose +
Terry T. McIntosh +
(Schimper) Limpricht +
not papillose +
toothed +
sinuous +  and straight to sometimes +
rectangular +
sometimes thicker +
divided +
Grimmia atrofusca +
undifferentiated +
plicate +  and smooth +
not papillose +
mitrate +  and cucullate +
small;large +
sulcate +  and smooth +
yellowish +, redbrown +  and orange +
long-exserted +
striate +  and smooth +
cupulate;cylindric;short +
0.075 cm0.75 mm <br />7.5e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
thin +  and thick +
excurrent;percurrent +
subpercurrent +
reniform +, elliptical +  and terete +
usually not markedly larger +
2-stratose +  and 1-stratose +
autoicous +  and sexual +
short-rectangular +  and rounded +
3-stratose +  and 2-stratose +
Alta. +, N.Mex. +  and Eurasia +
moderate to high elevations (1500-2300 m) +
reproduction +  and asexual +
dioicous +, autoicous +  and sexual +
Open to somewhat shaded limestone +
papillose +, mammillose +  and smooth +
specialized +
dioicous +, autoicous +  and sexual +
flat +, keeled +, , +, concave +, less commonly lanceolate +  and linear-lanceolate or elliptical +
1;multistratose +
thick-walled +  and sinuose +
papillose +  and smooth +
subtriangular +, ovate +, rectangular +  and quadrate +
thick-walled +  and sinuose +
papillose +  and smooth +
not +  and differentiated +
margined +  and perforated +
orange-red +  and orange +
lanceolate;linear +
Capsules mature late spring to early summer. +
Laubm. Deutschl. +
straight +
sigmoid +  and arcuate +
papillose +  and smooth +
short to long +
ornamented +  and smooth +
smooth +  and granulose +
globose +
keeled;ovate-triangular;ovatelanceolate +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.21 cm2.1 mm <br />0.0021 m <br />) +
muticous;long-awned +
Schistidium atrofuscum +
Schistidium +
species +
longitudinal +  and transverse +
sometimes thicker +
near black;dark-brown +