Schoenolirion croceum

(Michaux) Alph. Wood

Amer. Bot. Fl., 344. 1870.

Common names: Sunnybells swamp candle
IllustratedEndemic
Basionyms: Phalangium croceum Michaux Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 196. 1803
Synonyms: Oxytria crocea (Michaux) Rafinesque
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 313. Mentioned on page 314.

Plants with prominent bulbs at tops of vertical rootstocks; bulbs ovoid to elongate, to 17 mm diam. Leaves 3–7, 20–32 cm × 5–8 mm, not withering to persistent fibers; blade flattened or somewhat keeled, usually equaling or exceeding inflorescence, base fleshy. Inflorescences seldom branched; bracts ovate-obtuse to lanceolate-acuminate. Flowers: tepals seldom strongly recurved, yellow, each with green or reddish abaxial stripe, 3–5-veined, ovate to ovate-oblong, 4.5–6 mm, apex obtuse; ovary green or greenish yellow. 2n = 24, 30, 32.


Phenology: Flowering mid Mar–mid Apr in south and west; Apr–mid May in north; dormant by late Jun.
Habitat: Rock outcrops, moist pinelands
Elevation: 0–400 m

Distribution

V26 623-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Fla., Ga., La., N.C., S.C., Tenn., Tex.

Discussion

Schoenolirion croceum is very localized on limestone outcrops in central Tennessee and northern Alabama, sandstone outcrops of the Alabama plateau region, granite outcrops of the Georgia and Carolina Piedmont, Selma chalk outcrops in western Alabama, and wet pinelands and boggy areas in more southern and western parts of its range. All of these habitats are very wet in spring and often very dry in summer.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"elongating" is not a number."thicker" is not a number.

... more about "Schoenolirion croceum"
32 +, 30 +  and 24 +
reddish +  and green +
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
cordate +  and linear +
H. L. Sherman +
(Michaux) Alph. Wood +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
dilated +
Phalangium croceum +
reticulate-veined +  and parallel-veined +
keeled +  and flattened +
exceeding inflorescence +  and equaling +
sheathing +  and involucrate +
ovate-obtuse;lanceolate-acuminate +
tunicate +  and scaly +
0mm +  and 17mm +
Sunnybells +  and swamp candle +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +  and Tex. +
0–400 m +
persistent +
connate-coroniform +  and dilated +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
sessile +  and pedicellate +
unfertilized +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
3-lobed +, indented +  and flattened +
membranaceous +  and leathery +
Rock outcrops, moist pinelands +
persistent +
20cm;32cm +
not withering +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
greenish yellow +  and green +
3-lobed;globose +
zygomorphic +  and actinomorphic +
Flowering mid Mar–mid Apr in south and west +, Apr–mid May in north +  and dormant by late Jun. +
Amer. Bot. Fl., +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
wind-distributed +
1 +  and many +
flattened +  and globose +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
adnate +  and free +
staminodial +
1 +  and several +
3-lobed +  and unlobed +
Oxytria crocea +
Schoenolirion croceum +
Schoenolirion +
species +
persistent +
distinct +
ovate +  and ovate-oblong +
0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
sepaloid +  and petaloid +
narrower +
3 +  and 2 +