Silene armeria

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 420. 1753.

Common names: Sweet-William catchfly silène arméria
WeedyIntroduced
Synonyms: Atocion armeria (Linnaeus) Rafinesque
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 174. Mentioned on page 169, 175.

Plants annual, glabrous throughout, ± glaucous, sometimes glutnous in distal parts; taproot slender. Stems simple, branched in inflorescence, (10–) 20–40 (–70) cm. Leaves: basal withering before flowering, blade lanceolate-spatulate, 2–5 cm; cauline sessile to amplexicaulous, blade lanceolate to ovate or elliptic, 1–6 cm × 5–25 mm, apex acute. Inflorescences cymose, bracteate; cyme capitate or with flowers clustered at end of slender branches; bracts lanceolate-acicular, 2–10 mm. Pedicels 0.1–0.5 cm. Flowers: calyx usually purple-tinged, 10-veined, elongate, clavate, lobed, constricted proximally into narrow tube, 13–17 × 2.5–4 mm, rather membranous; lobes ovate-triangular, ca. 1 mm, apex obtuse; petals pink (rarely white), unlobed, limb obovate, ca. 5 mm, base cuneate into claw 6–8 mm, auricles absent, appendages linear to lanceolate, 2–3 mm, apex acute; stamens slightly longer than petal claws; styles 3 (–4), exserted. Capsules oblong, 7–10 mm, opening by 6 (or 8) spreading teeth; carpophore 7–8 mm, glabrous. Seeds dark-brown, reniform-rotund, less than 1 mm diam., rugose. 2n = 24 (Europe).


Phenology: Flowering summer.
Habitat: Waste places, disturbed ground
Elevation: 0-1200 m

Distribution

V5 345-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; B.C., N.B., N.S., Ont., Que., Calif., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ill., Ind., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., S.C., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Europe

Discussion

The long-tubular, clavate calyx enclosing the unusually long carpophore helps to distinguish Silene armeria. It is an occasional and adventive garden escape.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Silene armeria"
awned +  and not hooded +
linear;lanceolate +
John K. Morton +
Linnaeus +
cuneate +
dentate +, emarginate to 2-fid +  and entire +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
lanceolate +  and ovate or elliptic +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
5mm;25mm +
lanceolate-acicular +
reduced +
scarious +  and herbaceous +
purple-tinged +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
lobed;clavate;elongate +
constricted +
membranous +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
sessile +  and amplexicaulous +
conspicuous +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
Sweet-William catchfly +  and silène arméria +
dissected +  and variously--shaped +
with flowers +  and capitate +
dish--shaped +
expanded +
B.C. +, N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Calif. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +  and Europe +
0-1200 m +
peripheral +
subsessile +  and sessile +
conspicuous +
glandular-pubescent +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
stalked +  and simple +
Waste places, disturbed ground +
bracteate +  and cymose +
sessile +  and petiolate +
whorled +  and opposite +
connate +
conspicuous +
obovate +
purplish +  and green +
1 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
ovate-triangular +
swollen +
3 +  and 5 +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
fugacious +
Flowering summer. +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
reniform-rotund +
2.8 cm28 mm <br />0.028 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
persistent +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.8 cm28 mm <br />0.028 m <br />) +
Weedy +  and Introduced +
rhizomatous +  and stoloniferous +
slightly longer +
Fewer (?) +  and 10 (?) +
branched +  and simple +
prostrate +, decumbent +  and sprawling +
ascending;erect +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
[30 +, 4 +, 5 +  and 3 +
papillate +
distinct +
filiform +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
Atocion armeria +
Silene armeria +
species +
divided +
10-30-veined +
purplish +, whitish +  and green +
inflated +, terete +, cylindric +  and campanulate urceolate or clavate +
membranous +
3 (?) +  and 5 (?) +
stoloniferous +, rhizomatous +  and taprooted +
glaucous +  and glabrous +