Silene caroliniana

Walter

Fl. Carol., 142 [as 241]. 1788.

Common names: Wild pink
IllustratedEndemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 177. Mentioned on page 171, 178.

Plants perennial, cespitose; taproot stout; caudex much-branched, woody. Stems ascending, scarcely branched, 8–20 (–30) cm, softly pubescent, stipitate-glandular or eglandular, rarely glabrate. Leaves mostly basal, petiolate, 3–12 cm (including petiole); cauline leaves in 2–4 pairs, those of mid and distal stem sessile, shorter and narrower; blade narrowly to broadly oblanceolate, base spatulate into winged petiole, apex acute to obtuse, glabrous, puberulent or pilose on both surfaces and frequently stipitate-glandular, at least petioles usually ciliate. Inflorescences (1–) 3–15-flowered, open, bracteate; bracts foliaceous. Pedicels ascending or erect, 0.2–0.8 (–1.5) cm, densely pubescent and frequently stipitate-glandular. Flowers: calyx usually green, prominently 8–10-veined, in flower narrowly tubular, lobed, narrowed proximally around carpophore, 15–22 × to 5 mm, becoming broader and clavate in fruit, pilose or stipitate-glandular, veins parallel, with pale commissures, lobes round, 1–3 mm, margins usually purple-tinged, broad, membranous; petals spreading, usually bright pink, rarely white, broadly to narrowly obovate, 2 times longer than calyx, base tapered into ciliate claw equaling or slightly longer than calyx, margins entire or shallowly lobed and crenulate, auricles absent, appendages oblong, unlobed, 1.5–2 mm; stamens equaling claw; filaments glabrous; styles 3 (–4), ultimately slightly exceeding claw. Capsules ellipsoid to obovoid, 8–10 mm, equaling calyx, opening by 6 (or 8) recurved teeth; carpophore 5–8 mm. Seeds dark-brown, reniform-rotund, 1.3–1.5 mm, coarsely and evenly papillate.

Distribution

V5 351-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Conn., D.C., Del., Ga., Kans., Ky., Mass., Md., Mo., N.C., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Va., W.Va.

Discussion

Subspecies 3 (3 in the flora).

Although the three subspecies of Silene caroliniana have overlapping ranges of distribution, subsp. caroliniana occurs predominently in the southeastern United States, subsp. pensylvanica in the northeast, and subsp. wherryi on the western side of the Appalachians. Intermediate plants are occasionally encountered. A hybrid between subsp. wherryi and S. virginica was reported by J. A. Steyermark (1963), and a hybrid swarm between subsp. pensylvanica and S. virginica by R. S. Mitchell and L. J. Uttal (1969).

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Calyces with long, straight, nonglandular pubescence Silene caroliniana subsp. wherryi
1 Calyces glandular-pubescent > 2
2 Basal leaf blades pubescent on both surfaces, typically obovate to oblanceolate, apex obtuse; petioles broadly winged Silene caroliniana subsp. caroliniana
2 Basal leaf blades ± glabrous on both surfaces (margins and veins pubescent abaxially), narrowly oblanceolate, apex acute; petioles with very narrow wing Silene caroliniana subsp. pensylvanica

"broader" is not a number.

... more about "Silene caroliniana"
awned +  and not hooded +
stipitate-glandular +, pilose +, puberulent +  and glabrous +
unlobed;oblong +
John K. Morton +
Walter +
tapered;spatulate +
dentate +, emarginate to 2-fid +  and entire +
oblanceolate +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
reduced +
scarious +  and herbaceous +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
stipitate-glandular +  and pilose +
clavate;narrowed;lobed +
ellipsoid;obovoid +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
much-branched +
conspicuous +
Wild pink +
dissected +  and variously--shaped +
dish--shaped +
expanded +
Ala. +, Conn. +, D.C. +, Del. +, Ga. +, Kans. +, Ky. +, Mass. +, Md. +, Mo. +, N.C. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
peripheral +
subsessile +  and sessile +
conspicuous +
glandular-pubescent +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
stalked +  and simple +
bracteate +, open +  and (1-)3-15-flowered +
whorled +  and opposite +
connate +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
conspicuous +
oblanceolate;obovate +
purplish +  and green +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
purple-tinged +
crenulate +, lobed +  and entire +
swollen +
3 +  and 5 +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
erect;ascending +
stipitate-glandular +  and pubescent +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
fugacious +
2 times longer than calyx +
Fl. Carol., +
papillate +
reniform-rotund +
2.8 cm28 mm <br />0.028 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
persistent +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.8 cm28 mm <br />0.028 m <br />) +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
rhizomatous +  and stoloniferous +
Fewer (?) +  and 10 (?) +
eglandular +  and branched +
prostrate +, decumbent +  and sprawling +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
[30 +, 4 +, 5 +  and 3 +
papillate +
distinct +
filiform +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
Anotites +, Atocion +, Coronaria +, Gastrolychnis +, Lychnis +, Melandrium +, Physolychnis +, Viscaria +  and Wahlbergella +
Silene caroliniana +
species +
divided +
10-30-veined +
purplish +, whitish +  and green +
inflated +, terete +, cylindric +  and campanulate urceolate or clavate +
membranous +
3 (?) +  and 5 (?) +
stoloniferous +, rhizomatous +  and taprooted +
plant +  and cespitose +
pubescence of simple hairs or stalked glands +  and glabrous +