Silene subciliata

B. L. Robinson

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 29: 327. 1894.

Common names: Prairie-fire pink
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 208. Mentioned on page 169, 201, 212.

Plants perennial; taproot thick; caudex branched. Stems erect, scarcely branched, 20–100 cm, glabrous. Leaves: blade linear to narrowly oblanceolate, 3–16 cm × 3–12 mm, ± fleshy, base tapering into short petiole, apex acute, glabrous except for few cilia at base. Inflorescences cymose, terminal and axillary, elongate, 1–3-flowered, open, bracteate, bracteolate, pedunculate; peduncle slender, 2–10 cm; bracts and bracteoles much-reduced, linear-lanceolate, often ciliate. Pedicels slender, 2–10 cm. Flowers: calyx tubular, 17–22 × 4–5 mm in flower, broadening to 7 mm in fruit but contracted around carpophore, glabrous, lobes lanceolate, 3–4 mm, margins membranous and ciliate near broad, obtuse apex; corolla scarlet, 2–21/2 times longer than calyx, limb lanceolate, narrowed into claw, 4–5 mm wide, margins entire or shallowly dentate, appendages linear, 4–5 mm; stamens exserted; styles 3, exserted. Capsules clavate, equaling calyx, opening by 6 teeth; carpophore 3–4 mm. Seeds brown, broadly reniform, 2–2.3 mm, rugose. 2n = 48.


Phenology: Flowering late summer–fall.
Habitat: Sandy soil, open woodlands, river banks
Elevation: 10-200 m

Discussion

Silene subciliata, a very rare species, is closely related to S. laciniata and S. virginica but is readily distinguished by its subglabrous stems and leaves and by having unlobed petals.

Silene subciliata is in the Center for Plant Conservation’s National Collection of Endangered Plants.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Silene subciliata"
awned +  and not hooded +
John K. Morton +
B. L. Robinson +
tapering +
dentate +, emarginate to 2-fid +  and entire +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br />) +
linear +  and narrowly oblanceolate +
3mm;12mm +
linear-lanceolate +
much-reduced +
scarious +  and herbaceous +
linear-lanceolate +
much-reduced +
1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
tubular +
broadening +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
conspicuous +
Prairie-fire pink +
2-21/2 times longer than calyx +
dissected +  and variously--shaped +
dish--shaped +
expanded +
La. +  and Tex. +
10-200 m +
peripheral +
subsessile +  and sessile +
conspicuous +
glandular-pubescent +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
stalked +  and simple +
Sandy soil, open woodlands, river banks +
pedunculate +, bracteolate +, bracteate +, open +, 1-3-flowered +  and cymose +
sessile +  and petiolate +
whorled +  and opposite +
connate +
conspicuous +
narrowed;lanceolate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
purplish +  and green +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
lanceolate +
dentate +  and entire +
swollen +
3 +  and 5 +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
fugacious +
Flowering late summer–fall. +
Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts +
reniform +
2.8 cm28 mm <br />0.028 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
persistent +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.8 cm28 mm <br />0.028 m <br />) +
rhizomatous +  and stoloniferous +
Fewer (?) +  and 10 (?) +
prostrate +, decumbent +  and sprawling +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +
[30 +, 4 +, 5 +  and 3 +
papillate +
distinct +
filiform +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
Anotites +, Atocion +, Coronaria +, Gastrolychnis +, Lychnis +, Melandrium +, Physolychnis +, Viscaria +  and Wahlbergella +
Silene subciliata +
species +
divided +
10-30-veined +
purplish +, whitish +  and green +
inflated +, terete +, cylindric +  and campanulate urceolate or clavate +
membranous +
3 (?) +  and 5 (?) +
stoloniferous +, rhizomatous +  and taprooted +
pubescence of simple hairs or stalked glands +  and glabrous +