Sisyrinchium pruinosum

E. P. Bicknell

Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 578. 1901.

Endemic
Synonyms: Sisyrinchium brayi E. P. Bicknell Sisyrinchium bushii E. P. Bicknell Sisyrinchium helleri E. P. Bicknell Sisyrinchium varians E. P. Bicknell
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 360. Mentioned on page 352, 354, 361.

Herbs, perennial, cespitose, ashy to bronze olive when dry, to 2.5 dm, not glaucous. Stems branched, with 1–2 nodes, 1–2.8 mm wide, scabrous at least apically, margins entire to denticulate apically, similar in color and texture to stem body; first internode 5.3–12.5 cm, equaling or shorter than leaves; distalmost node with 2–3 branches. Leaf-blades usually scabrous, bases not persistent in fibrous tufts. Inflorescences borne singly; spathes green, obviously wider than supporting branch, scabrous, keels denticulate or entire; outer 18.6–26.5 mm, 2.5–5.5 mm longer than inner, tapering evenly towards apex, margins basally connate 2.5–3.9 mm; inner with keel evenly curved or straight, hyaline margins 0.2–0.4 mm wide, apex acuminate to acute, ending 0–1.5 mm proximal to green apex. Flowers: tepals bluish violet to purplish blue, bases yellow; outer tepals 8.3–10.5 mm, apex rounded to truncate or emarginate, aristate; filaments connate ± entirely, slightly stipitate-glandular basally; ovary similar in color to foliage. Capsules tan to light-brown, ± globose, 3–5 mm; pedicel ascending to spreading. Seeds globose to obconic, lacking obvious depression, rugulose. 2n = 32.


Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Prairies, open woods
Elevation: 20–200 m

Distribution

V26 730-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Ark., Kans., Nebr., Okla., Tex.

Discussion

Sisyrinchium pruinosum can be expected also in Louisiana, Missouri, and Mississippi.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"obviously wider" is not a number.

... more about "Sisyrinchium pruinosum"
dehiscing +  and latrorse +
undifferentiated +
Anita F. Cholewa +  and Douglass M. Henderson† +
E. P. Bicknell +
not persistent +
parallel-veined +
ensiform +  and plane +
2 +  and 3 +
entire +  and denticulate +
expanded +
tan;light-brown +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
monochasial +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Kans. +, Nebr. +, Okla. +  and Tex. +
20–200 m +
stipitate-glandular +
actinomorphic +
not fragrant +
winged +, branched +  and simple +
angled +, compressed +  and terete +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
smooth;roughened +
globose +
woody;firm;cartilaginous +
Prairies, open woods +
1-11(-15)-flowered +  and rhipidiate +
5.3 cm53 mm <br />0.053 m <br /> (12.5 cm125 mm <br />0.125 m <br />) +
straight;curved +
equitant +  and alternate +
cauline +  and basal +
entire +  and denticulate +
0.2mm;0.4mm +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.55 cm5.5 mm <br />0.0055 m <br />) +
0.83 cm8.3 mm <br />0.0083 m <br /> (1.05 cm10.5 mm <br />0.0105 m <br />) +
ascending;spreading +
petaloid +, zygomorphic +  and actinomorphic +
Flowering spring. +
Bull. Torrey Bot. Club +
granular +  and rugulose +
globose;obconic +
smooth to scabrous +
unequal +
monochasial +
compressed +
1mm;2.8mm +
filiform +
not broad +
Sisyrinchium brayi +, Sisyrinchium bushii +, Sisyrinchium helleri +  and Sisyrinchium varians +
Sisyrinchium pruinosum +
Sisyrinchium +
species +
bluish violet +  and purplish blue +
distinct +
widely spreading +  and reflexed +
not clawed +
subequal +
not +  and rhizomatous +
ashy;bronze olive +
herb +  and cespitose +
unequal +