Solidago brachyphylla

Chapman ex Torrey & A. Gray

Fl. N. Amer. 2: 218. 1842.

Common names: Dixie goldenrod
Endemic
Synonyms: Solidago boottii var. brachyphylla (Chapman ex Torrey & A. Gray) A. Gray Solidago pallescens C. Mohr
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 133. Mentioned on page 130, 134.

Plants 50–120 cm; rhizomes short, caudexlike. Stems 1–5, sparsely to moderately strigoso-puberulent. Leaves: basal petioles 3–5 cm, blades oblanceolate or spatulate to ovate or rotund, 2–4 cm (excluding petioles); cauline (numerous) subsessile or sessile, blades elliptic or lance-elliptic to ovate, mid mostly 25–50 (–65) × 10–25 mm, distal much reduced; branch leaf petioles 1 mm, blades ovate, 5–15 (excluding petioles) × 2–10 mm. Heads 75–200 in open paniculiform arrays, branches divaricate, ascending to recurved, weakly to strongly secund, to 50 cm, secondary branches less than 3 cm. Peduncles linear, 1–3 mm, bracteate. Involucres narrowly campanulate, 3–5 mm. Phyllaries in 3–4 series, lanceolate, strongly unequal, margins ciliate, apices acute, glabrous. Ray-florets 0 (–2). Disc-florets 4–8; corollas 3 mm, lobes 1 mm. Cypselae 2.5–3 mm, moderately short-strigose; pappi 2 mm. 2n = 18.


Phenology: Flowering (Sep–)Oct(–Nov).
Habitat: Open woods, coastal plain, and piedmont
Elevation: 10–100+ m

Distribution

V20-277-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Fla., Ga., N.C., S.C.

Discussion

Solidago brachyphylla possibly occurs also in Mississippi.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Solidago brachyphylla"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually triangular +  and linear +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
paniculiform +  and open +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
cone--shaped +
John C. Semple +  and Rachel E. Cook +
Chapman ex Torrey & A. Gray +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
not persisting +
decurrent +
Argutae +
compound +  and simple +
lance-elliptic to ovate +  and elliptic +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
ovate;spatulate;ovate or rotund +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
2mm;10mm +
rugulose +  and muricate +
ascending;recurved +
sessile +  and subsessile +
Dixie goldenrod +
not 2-lipped +  and actinomorphic +
yellow +  and white +
ampliate +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
beaked +, 2-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
short-strigose +
compressed +, narrowly obconic +  and cylindric +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, N.C. +  and S.C. +
10–100+ m +
resinous +
stipitate-glandular +, puberulent +, pilose +, glabrous +, glabrous or +  and sparsely densely scabrous strigillose or villous +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Open woods, coastal plain, and piedmont +
indeterminate +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
each +  and sessile +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
campanulate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
erect;spreading +
triangular +  and narrowly lanceolate +
not stipitate-glandular +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (6.5 cm65 mm <br />0.065 m <br />) +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
10mm;25mm +
linear-lanceolate +  and oblong or ovate +
unequal +  and rarely subequal +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
2 times cypsela bodies +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
not persisting +
Flowering (Sep–)Oct(–Nov). +
stipitate-glandular +
lanceolate +
ovate-oblanceolate +
Fl. N. Amer. +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
caudex-like +
strigillose +  and glabrous +
8 +  and 10 +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
exalbuminous +
decumbent +  and ascending or erect +
1 +  and 5 +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +  and smooth +
Solidago boottii var. brachyphylla +  and Solidago pallescens +
Solidago brachyphylla +
Solidago (sect. Solidago) ser. Argutae +
species +
not persisting +
100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br /> (200 cm2,000 mm <br />2 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +