Solidago fistulosa

Miller

Gard. Dict. ed. 8., Solidago no. 19. 1768.

Common names: Pine-barren goldenrod
Endemic
Synonyms: Aster fistulosus (Miller) Kuntze Solidago aspericaulis A. H. Moore
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 147. Mentioned on page 110, 144, 148, 149.

Plants 50–150 cm; rhizomes creeping, elongated, sparsely scaly. Stems 1–20+, erect (stout), conspicuously spreading-hirsute, at least distally. Leaves: basal and proximal cauline usually withering by flowering except on new shoots, tapering to broadly winged petioles, blades oblanceolate, 30–50 × 8–15 mm, rapidly increasing in size distally, margins shallowly serrate, scabroso-strigose, faces often more densely hairy than distal; mid to distal cauline numerous, crowded, sessile, blades lanceolate-ovate to elliptic-oblong, larger ones 35–120 × 8–35 mm, much reduced distally, bases broad and ± clasping, margins obscurely serrulate or entire, faces usually moderately hirsuto-villous on midnerves, often less so abaxially, adaxial sparsely strigose or glabrous. Heads 35–500, in paniculiform arrays, usually dense, branches recurved-secund. Peduncles 2–8 mm, sparsely to moderately strigillose; bracteoles 1–3, linear to linear-lanceolate, tending to group proximal to involucres, sometimes grading into phyllaries. Involucres narrowly campanulate, 3.5–5.5 mm. Phyllaries in 4–5 series, unequal, glabrous; outer narrowly ovatelanceolate, mid and inner linear-lanceolate. Ray-florets (2–) 4–10; laminae 1.2–2.5 × 0.2–0.5 mm. Disc-florets (2–) 4–7; corollas 4–5 mm, lobes 0.5–1 mm. Cypselae (narrowly obconic) 1.5–1.8 mm, sparsely strigillose, sometimes only apically; pappi 3–4 mm. 2n = 18.


Phenology: Flowering Aug–Oct(–Nov; year-round s).
Habitat: Mostly wetter sandy soils, seepage areas, boggy grounds, edges of marshes and thickets, open pine woodlands, roadside ditches
Elevation: 0–100 m

Distribution

V20-317-distribution-map.gif

N.S., Ala., Del., Fla., Ga., La., Md., Miss., N.J., N.C., Pa., S.C., Va.

Discussion

Solidago fistulosa grows mainly on the coastal plains. It was introduced at Stone Mountain, Georgia. Solidago pyramidata Pursh may be a synonym of S. fistulosa.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Solidago fistulosa"
glabrous +  and strigose +
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually triangular +  and linear +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
paniculiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
cone--shaped +
John C. Semple +  and Rachel E. Cook +
Miller +
not persisting +
decurrent +
Solidago (sect. Undefined) ser. Venosae +
compound +  and simple +
3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
lanceolate-ovate;elliptic-oblong +
reduced +, larger +, 8mm +  and 15mm +
8mm;35mm +
rugulose +  and muricate +
linear +  and linear-lanceolate +
recurved-secund +
proximalmost +
elongate +
Pine-barren goldenrod +
not 2-lipped +  and actinomorphic +
yellow +  and white +
ampliate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
beaked +, 2-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
compressed +, narrowly obconic +  and cylindric +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
N.S. +, Ala. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Md. +, Miss. +, N.J. +, N.C. +, Pa. +, S.C. +  and Va. +
0–100 m +
resinous +
hirsuto-villous +  and more densely hairy +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Mostly wetter sandy soils, seepage areas, boggy grounds, edges of marshes and thickets, open pine woodlands, roadside ditches +
indeterminate +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
each +  and sessile +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
campanulate +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.55 cm5.5 mm <br />0.0055 m <br />) +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
1.2mm;2.5mm +
0.2mm;0.5mm +
scented +  and not anise +
cauline +, proximal +  and basal +
tapering +
erect;spreading +
triangular +  and narrowly lanceolate +
entire +, serrulate +  and serrate +
scabroso-strigose +
scented +  and not anise +
linear-lanceolate +  and oblong or ovate +
unequal +  and rarely subequal +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
not persisting +
Flowering Aug–Oct(–Nov +  and year-round s). +
ovate-oblanceolate +
Gard. Dict. ed. +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
elongated +
strigillose +  and glabrous +
8 +  and 10 +
exalbuminous +
1 +  and 20 +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +  and smooth +
Aster fistulosus +  and Solidago aspericaulis +
Solidago fistulosa +
Solidago (sect. Solidago) ser. Venosae +
species +
not persisting +
100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br /> (200 cm2,000 mm <br />2 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +