Solidago hispida

Muhlenberg ex Willdenow

Sp. Pl. 3: 2063. 1803.

Common names: Hairy goldenrod verge d’or hispide
Endemic
Basionym: Solidago bicolor var. hispida (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Britton Sterns & Poggenberg
Synonyms: Aster bicolor var. lanatus (Hooker) Kuntze Solidago bicolor var. concolor Torrey & A. Gray Solidago bicolor var. lanata (Hooker) A. Gray Solidago bicolor var. luteola Farwell Solidago bicolor var. ovalis Farwell Solidago bicolor var. spathulata Farwell Solidago earlei Solidago hirsuta Solidago hispida var. arnoglossa Fernald Solidago hispida var. disjuncta Fernald Solidago hispida var. huronensis Semple Solidago hispida var. lanata (Hooker) Fernald Solidago hispida var. tonsa Fernald Solidago lanata
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 120. Mentioned on page 119, 121, 122.

Plants 20–100 cm; caudices branching. Stems 1 (–5), erect, simple, glabrous or moderately to densely hispido-villous, sometimes hairs appressed. Leaves: basal and proximal cauline tapering to winged petioles, blades broadly oblanceolate to obovate or elliptic, 35–200 (including petioles) × 15–60 mm, margins serrate or crenate, apices acute, faces sparsely to densely hispido-villous, rarely glabrous; mid and distal cauline sessile, blades elliptic, 15–30 × 5–7 mm, rapidly reduced distally, margins entire. Heads 8–250+ in usually wand-paniculiform arrays of short axillary and terminal racemiform, non-secund clusters, sometimes proximal branches elongated, ascending and bearing short axillary and terminal racemiform clusters. Peduncles 1.5–2.5 mm, hispido-villous to canescent. Involucres campanulate, 4–6 mm. Phyllaries in 3–4 series, appressed, strongly unequal, midribs and tips conspicuously green, margins white, scarious, apices obtuse, glabrous or moderately strigose. Ray-florets 6–14; laminae 1.5–4.5 × 0.5–1 mm. Disc-florets 6–12; corollas 3–4.5 mm, lobes 0.6–1.2 mm. Cypselae (narrowly obconic) 1–2.5 mm, glabrous; pappi 2.5–4 mm (sometimes distinctly clavate). 2n = 18.


Phenology: Flowering Aug–Oct.
Habitat: Sandy and gravelly soils, disturbed areas, fields, dunes, meadows, open woods, sandy deposits near streams and lakes, rocky outcrops
Elevation: 0–1000+ m

Distribution

V20-238-distribution-map.gif

Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Ray floret color can fade with time, both in the field and on dried specimens, making it difficult to distinguish Solidago hispida from S. bicolor, in which it has sometimes been included. The latter tends to have slightly broader phyllaries and more obviously clavate pappus bristles. The two co-occur in some populations but do not appear to form hybrid swarms with a range in ray corolla color. Three varieties have been described on the basis of growth and pubescence features and are sometimes recognized. These may represent only extremes in continua of variation. Variety lanata has densely villous stems and leaves; such plants occur scattered through much of the range of the species. Two glabrous-stemmed varieties have been described; plants of var. tonsa are relatively small and were first described from Newfoundland; var. huronensis includes relatively tall glabrous plants found growing in sand dunes along the shore of Lake Huron in Michigan and Ontario. The latter plants have been treated as var. tonsa but the name is misapplied. Other varietal names are based on minor variations.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"elongated" is not a number.

... more about "Solidago hispida"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
distinct +
strigose +  and glabrous +
subequal +
scarious +
usually triangular +  and linear +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
wand-paniculiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
wand +  and club-shaped +
John C. Semple +  and Rachel E. Cook +
Muhlenberg ex Willdenow +
not persisting +
decurrent +
Solidago bicolor var. hispida +
compound +  and simple +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
broadly oblanceolate;obovate or elliptic +
reduced +
5mm;7mm +
rugulose +  and muricate +
Hairy goldenrod +  and verge d’or hispide +
not 2-lipped +  and actinomorphic +
yellow +  and white +
ampliate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
beaked +, 2-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
compressed +, narrowly obconic +  and cylindric +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0–1000+ m +
resinous +
glabrous +  and hispido-villous +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Sandy and gravelly soils, disturbed areas, fields, dunes, meadows, open woods, sandy deposits near streams and lakes, rocky outcrops +
indeterminate +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
each +  and sessile +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
campanulate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
1.5mm;4.5mm +
0.5mm;1mm +
cauline +, mid +, proximal +  and basal +
tapering +
erect;spreading +
triangular +  and narrowly lanceolate +
crenate +  and serrate +
linear-lanceolate +  and oblong or ovate +
unequal +  and rarely subequal +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
hispido-villous +  and canescent +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
not persisting +
Flowering Aug–Oct. +
stipitate-glandular +
ovate-oblanceolate +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
strigillose +  and glabrous +
8 +  and 10 +
exalbuminous +
1 (?) +  and 5 (?) +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +  and smooth +
Aster bicolor var. lanatus +, Solidago bicolor var. concolor +, Solidago bicolor var. lanata +, Solidago bicolor var. luteola +, Solidago bicolor var. ovalis +, Solidago bicolor var. spathulata +, Solidago earlei +, Solidago hirsuta +, Solidago hispida var. arnoglossa +, Solidago hispida var. disjuncta +, Solidago hispida var. huronensis +, Solidago hispida var. lanata +, Solidago hispida var. tonsa +  and Solidago lanata +
Solidago hispida +
Solidago subsect. Squarrosae +
species +
non-secund +  and racemiform +
proximal +  and axillary +
not persisting +
100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br /> (200 cm2,000 mm <br />2 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +