Fl. N. Amer. 2: 223. 1842.
Plants (50–) 100–200 cm (solitary or clustered); rhizomes creeping, elongate. Stems 1–10+, erect, scabroso-puberulent proximal to arrays distally, in strips proximal to leaves. Leaves: basal 0; mid and distal cauline sometimes numerous (75+), somewhat crowded, sessile, blades (dark green) linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, 25–150 × 2–15 mm, margins serrate to entire, scabroso-ciliate, 3-nerved, faces glabrous or with short hairs in lines along nerves. Heads 50–350, in secund, usually elongate, pyramidal paniculiform arrays, branches recurved and secund. Peduncles 1–5 mm, sparsely to moderately strigillose; bracteoles 1–3, linear-lanceolate. Involucres narrowly campanulate, 3–5 mm. Phyllaries in 3–4 series, strongly unequal (greenish), outer lanceolate, inner oblong-lanceolate, margins ciliate-fimbriate apically, midnerves swollen apically, apices obtuse to rounded, glabrous. Ray-florets 10–15; laminae 2–3 × 0.1–0.6 mm. Disc-florets 6–10; corollas 3–4 mm, lobes 0.6–1.1 mm. Cypselae (narrowly obconic) 1.1–1.5 mm (ribbed), sparsely strigillose; pappi 2.5–3 mm. 2n = 18, 36, 54.
Phenology: Flowering Nov–Dec.
Habitat: Wet soils, thickets, edges of bogs, coastal plain
Elevation: 10–40 m
Ala., Fla., Ga., N.C., S.C.
Solidago leavenworthii replaces S. gigantea on the southern, outer Atlantic coastal plain and into Florida. The leaves of S. leavenworthii usually have fewer, smaller serrations than those of S. gigantea, and they have a distinctive dark, somewhat olive green color. The pyramidal array of S. leavenworthii is usually much narrower and elongate while that of S. gigantea is usually broad and not elongate.