Solidago nemoralis

Aiton

Hort. Kew. 3: 213. 1789.

Common names: Gray or gray-stemmed or old-field goldenrod verge d’or des bois
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 159. Mentioned on page 109, 158, 160.

Plants 20–100 cm; caudices short-branched. Stems 1–6 (–10), erect, short-canescent (hairs ascending to appressed). Leaves: basal and proximal cauline tapering to long, winged petioles, blades spatulate-ovate to oblanceolate, 20–95 × 7–15 mm, margins crenate to entire, apices acute, faces densely puberulent; mid and distal cauline (sometimes subtending axillary tufts of lateral branch leaves) sessile, blades linear-oblanceolate, 16–45 × 3–7 mm, reduced distally, margins entire. Heads 10–300, secund, in wandlike pyramidal, paniculiform arrays, secund to apically recurved, 8–25 × 2.5–10 cm, sometimes proximal branches elongate, repeating pattern. Peduncles 2–3.5 mm, bracteoles 0–4, linear. Involucres narrowly campanulate, 2.6–5.8 mm. Phyllaries in 3 series, ovate to linear-lanceolate, unequal, outer acute, inner obtuse. Ray-florets 5–11; laminae 2.8–5.5 × 0.3–0.7 mm. Disc-florets 3–10; 2.5–4.6 mm, lobes 0.4-0.6 mm. Cypselae (obconic) 0.5–2 mm, strigose; pappi 2–4 mm.

Distribution

V20-345-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Ala., Ark., Colo., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Mass., Md., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., N.C., N.Dak., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., Nebr., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Vt., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.

Discussion

Subspecies 2 (2 in the flora).

The arrays can be elongate with ends bent nearly 90–180°.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Pappus bristles usually not or barely exceeding ray floret corolla tubes and bases of disc floret lobes; disc corolla lobes 0.5–0.9(–1) mm; involucres usually 2.6–4.2 mm (tetraploids have larger heads); cypselae usually only sparsely strigose; basal leaves usually crenate, oblanceolate to obovate; open areas and open woods in eastern deciduous forest Solidago nemoralis subsp. nemoralis
1 Pappus bristles usually exceeding ray floret corolla tubes and bases of disc corolla lobes; disc corolla lobes (0.6–)0.8–1.5 mm; involucres usually 4.6–5.8 mm; cypselae moderately strigose; basal leaves usually not crenate, often linear-oblanceolate; prairies (rarely in forested areas) from Indiana westward to the Rocky Mountains, British Columbia to New Mexico Solidago nemoralis subsp. decemflora
... more about "Solidago nemoralis"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually triangular +  and linear +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
paniculiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
pyramidal +  and wand-like +
John C. Semple +  and Rachel E. Cook +
not persisting +
decurrent +
Nemorales +
compound +  and simple +
1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
linear-oblanceolate;spatulate-ovate;oblanceolate +
reduced +
3mm;7mm +
rugulose +  and muricate +
elongate +
short-branched +
Gray or gray-stemmed or old-field goldenrod +  and verge d’or des bois +
not 2-lipped +  and actinomorphic +
yellow +  and white +
ampliate +
beaked +, 2-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
compressed +, narrowly obconic +  and cylindric +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.46 cm4.6 mm <br />0.0046 m <br />) +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Mass. +, Md. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, Nebr. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +  and Wyo. +
resinous +
puberulent +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
indeterminate +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
each +  and sessile +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
campanulate +
0.26 cm2.6 mm <br />0.0026 m <br /> (0.58 cm5.8 mm <br />0.0058 m <br />) +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
2.8mm;5.5mm +
0.3mm;0.7mm +
cauline +, mid +, proximal +  and basal +
strigoso-canescent +
tapering +
erect;spreading +
triangular +  and narrowly lanceolate +
crenate +  and entire +
linear-lanceolate +  and oblong or ovate +
unequal +  and rarely subequal +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
not persisting +
not stipitate-glandular +
ovate +  and linear-lanceolate +
ovate-oblanceolate +
petiolate +  and subpetiolate +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
strigillose +  and glabrous +
8 +  and 10 +
exalbuminous +
6 (?) +  and 10 (?) +
1 +  and 6 +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +  and smooth +
Incanae +  and Radulae +
Solidago nemoralis +
Solidago subsect. Nemorales +
species +
not persisting +
100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br /> (200 cm2,000 mm <br />2 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +