Solidago odora

Aiton

Hort. Kew. 3: 214. 1789.

Common names: Anise-scented or fragrant or sweet goldenrod
Synonyms: Aster odorus (Aiton) Kuntze Solidago odora var. inodora A. Gray
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 148. Mentioned on page 110, 144.

Plants 60–120 cm; caudices short, stout. Stems 1–5+, erect to arching, puberulent in arrays and in lines proximal to leaf-bases or uniformly. Leaves usually anise-scented when crushed; basal and proximal usually withering by flowering, tapering to broadly winged petioles, blades oblanceolate, margins entire, short-strigillose, faces glabrous or short scabroso-strigillose along main nerves; mid and distal cauline sessile, blades lanceolate to linear-lanceolate or narrowly ovate, 30–110 × 8–20 mm, much reduced distally, bases rounded, margins entire, midnerves prominent, sometimes scabroso-strigillose basally to much of length, apices acute, faces glabrous, finely translucent gland-dotted. Heads (20–) 75–350, in paniculiform arrays, openly secund, pyramidal, proximal to mid branches ascending to spreading, recurved, secund, 3–18 cm. Peduncles thin, 2–8 mm, glabrate to finely puberulent, glabrous strips proximal to few linear-lanceolate bracteoles. Involucres narrowly campanulate, 3.5–5 mm. Phyllaries in 3–4 series, strongly unequal, yellowish, acute, glabrous; outer narrowly ovate to lanceolate, inner lanceolate to linear-lanceolate. Ray-florets 3–4 (–6); laminae 1.4–2.5 × 0.4–0.9 mm. Disc-florets 3–5; corollas 2.7–3.5 mm, lobes 0.5–1.3 mm. Cypselae (obconic) 1.4–2.3 mm, strigose to glabrate; pappi 2.4–3 mm.

Distribution

V20-319-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ky., La., Mass., Md., Miss., Mo., N.C., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., Vt., W.Va., Mexico

Discussion

subspecies 2 (2 in the flora)

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Stems puberulent in lines or strips decurrent from distal leaf bases (at least); mid cauline leaves mostly 40–110 × 5–15(–20) mm (4–15 times as long as wide); most of range except c, s peninsular Florida Solidago odora subsp. odora
1 Stems uniformly puberulent, sometimes with short glabrous-glabrate strips proximal to leaf bases; mid cauline leaves mostly (15–)30–70 × 8–20 mm (2–6 times as long as wide); Florida, mostly peninsular, seldom in e panhandle Solidago odora subsp. chapmanii

"thin" is not a number.

... more about "Solidago odora"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually triangular +  and linear +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
paniculiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
cone--shaped +
John C. Semple +  and Rachel E. Cook +
not persisting +
rounded +
Odorae +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (11 cm110 mm <br />0.11 m <br />) +
lanceolate;linear-lanceolate or narrowly ovate +
reduced +
8mm;20mm +
rugulose +  and muricate +
linear-lanceolate +
recurved;ascending;spreading +
proximalmost +
elongate +
Anise-scented or fragrant or sweet goldenrod +
not 2-lipped +  and actinomorphic +
yellow +  and white +
ampliate +
0.27 cm2.7 mm <br />0.0027 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
beaked +, 2-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
strigose +  and glabrate +
compressed +, narrowly obconic +  and cylindric +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ky. +, La. +, Mass. +, Md. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.C. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Vt. +, W.Va. +  and Mexico +
resinous +
translucent gland-dotted +
glabrous +, scabroso-strigillose +  and short +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
indeterminate +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
pyramidal +
each +  and sessile +
lanceolate +  and linear-lanceolate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
campanulate +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
1.4mm;2.5mm +
0.4mm;0.9mm +
anise-scented +
erect;spreading +
triangular +  and narrowly lanceolate +
oblanceolate +  and tapering +
scabroso-strigillose +
linear-lanceolate +  and oblong or ovate +
unequal +  and rarely subequal +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
0.24 cm2.4 mm <br />0.0024 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
glabrate +  and finely puberulent +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
not persisting +
flowering +  and withering +
short-strigillose +
oblanceolate +  and tapering +
ovate-oblanceolate +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
strigillose +  and glabrous +
8 +  and 10 +
exalbuminous +
erect +  and arching +
1 +  and 5 +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +  and smooth +
Aster odorus +  and Solidago odora var. inodora +
Solidago odora +
Solidago (sect. Solidago) ser. Odorae +
species +
not persisting +
100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br /> (200 cm2,000 mm <br />2 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +