Solidago pulchra

Small

Man. S.E. Fl., 1356. 1933.

Common names: Carolina goldenrod
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 138. Mentioned on page 136.

Plants 20–60 (–80) cm, glabrous; caudices short or crowns. Stems 1, erect, slender. Leaves: basal tufted, tapering, petiolate, petioles 20–100 mm, blades oblanceolate or elliptic, 30–120 (including petiole) × 5–15 mm, obtuse to rounded; cauline sessile, blades oblanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 5–80 × 4–1.3 mm, abruptly reduced proximally, becoming bractlike proximal to arrays. Heads 5–20 (–50), in slender racemiform or paniculiform arrays, sometimes secund and apically recurved, more often erect and not secund, sometimes compact and somewhat rounded to only slightly elongate. Peduncles 2–25 mm; bracteoles crowded, linear, 1–2 mm, grading into phyllaries. Involucres broadly campanulate, 3.5–5 mm. Phyllaries in 3–4 series, linear-lanceolate, strongly unequal, acute to slightly acuminate or cuspidate, glabrous. Ray-florets 6–14; laminae 2–3 × 1–2 mm. Disc-florets mostly 12–30; corollas 3.5–4 mm, lobes 0.5–0.75 mm. Cypselae 1.5–2 mm, sparsely finely strigose; pappi (basally broader and flattened, fused to varying lengths) 3–4 mm (somewhat clavate). 2n = 36.


Phenology: Flowering Sep–Oct.
Habitat: Moist, sandy depressions in pine savannas
Elevation: 10–20 m

Discussion

Solidago pulchra is a distinct species, not easily confused once seen in the field. It is known only from Brunswick, Pender, and Onslow counties, where it occurs in scattered populations of few to numerous individuals. The basally fused and flattened pappus bristles are very unusual in the genus. Occurrence of the species in South Carolina is unconfirmed.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Solidago pulchra"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually triangular +  and linear +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
paniculiform +, racemiform +  and slender +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
John C. Semple +  and Rachel E. Cook +
not persisting +
decurrent +
Maritimae +
compound +  and simple +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
bractlike;oblanceolate;linear-lanceolate +
reduced +
4mm;1.3mm +
rugulose +  and muricate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Carolina goldenrod +
not 2-lipped +  and actinomorphic +
yellow +  and white +
ampliate +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
beaked +, 2-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
compressed +, narrowly obconic +  and cylindric +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
10–20 m +
resinous +
stipitate-glandular +, puberulent +, pilose +, glabrous +, glabrous or +  and sparsely densely scabrous strigillose or villous +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Moist, sandy depressions in pine savannas +
not secund +  and secund +
indeterminate +
erect +  and recurved +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
rounded +  and only slightly elongate +
each +  and sessile +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
campanulate +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
erect;spreading +
triangular +  and narrowly lanceolate +
linear-lanceolate +  and oblong or ovate +
unequal +  and rarely subequal +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
not persisting +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
Flowering Sep–Oct. +
acute +  and slightly acuminate or cuspidate +
ovate-oblanceolate +
Man. S.E. Fl., +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
strigillose +  and glabrous +
8 +  and 10 +
exalbuminous +
slender +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +  and smooth +
Undefined subsect. Dasiorima +, Undefined subsect. Lepiactis +, Integrifoliae +, Sempervirentes +, Solidago subg. Stenactila +, Uliginosae +, Solidago subsect. Unicostatae +  and Solidago sect. Virgatae +
Solidago pulchra +
Solidago subsect. Maritimae +
species +
not persisting +
100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br /> (200 cm2,000 mm <br />2 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +