Solidago rugosa var. rugosa

IllustratedEndemic
Synonyms: Solidago rugosa var. glabrata (Pursh) Fernald Solidago rugosa var. villosa Solidago villosa
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 146. Mentioned on page 144, 147.

Herbage sparsely to moderately relatively soft-hairy. Distal cauline leaf-blades lanceolate to elliptic, not much reduced distally. Heads in compact to lax pyramidal arrays, branches divergent and recurved arrays, proximal branches sometimes much elongated. Rays florets 4–13.2n = 18, 36.


Phenology: Flowering Aug–Oct.
Habitat: A range of soils, fields, woods and usually wet grounds, along water courses
Elevation: 0–1200+ m

Distribution

V20-311-distribution-map.gif

St. Pierre and Miquelon, N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Typical var. rugosa is a generally more northern race of the species but occurs infrequently scattered across the southern United States. Although var. villosa has often been recognized (e.g., H. A. Gleason and A. Cronquist 1991), it grades completely into var. rugosa. Single clones include shoots with long-branched arrays and others with short-branched ones not exceeding the subtending leaves. The variety is diploid throughout its range, with a few scattered tetraploids.

Subspecies 2 (2 in the flora): e United States; Mexico.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"thin" is not a number.

not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
distinct +
6.8 cm68 mm <br />0.068 m <br /> (10.4 cm104 mm <br />0.104 m <br />) +
pilose +  and glabrous +
subequal +
scarious +
20mm +  and 25mm +
usually triangular +  and linear +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
secund +, open +  and congested +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
pyramidal +
John C. Semple +  and Rachel E. Cook +
Miller +
not persisting +
decurrent +
Solidago (sect. Undefined) ser. Venosae +
7.5 cm75 mm <br />0.075 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br /> (3.2 cm32 mm <br />0.032 m <br />) +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (7.5 cm75 mm <br />0.075 m <br />) +
hispido-strigose +
ovate;elliptic;lanceolate;acute;attenuate +
reduced +, reduced to much +  and largest +
12mm;22mm +
rugulose +  and muricate +
linear-lanceolate +  and ovate +
leafy-bracteate +
proximalmost +
elongate +
not 2-lipped +  and actinomorphic +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
yellow +  and white +
ampliate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
beaked +, 2-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
compressed +, narrowly obconic +  and cylindric +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
St. Pierre and Miquelon +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0–1200+ m +
resinous +
6.8 cm68 mm <br />0.068 m <br /> (10.4 cm104 mm <br />0.104 m <br />) +
hispido-strigose +
acute;attenuate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
A range of soils, fields, woods and usually wet grounds, along water courses +
36 cm360 mm <br />0.36 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
indeterminate +
7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br /> (36 cm360 mm <br />0.36 m <br />) +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br /> (26 cm260 mm <br />0.26 m <br />) +
each +  and sessile +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
campanulate +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br /> (0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br />) +
1mm;1.6mm +
0.4mm;0.7mm +
scented +  and not anise +
toothed +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br />) +
erect;spreading +
triangular +  and narrowly lanceolate +
68mm;104mm +
hispido-strigose +
acute +  and attenuate +
20mm +  and 25mm +
scented +  and not anise +
linear-lanceolate +  and oblong or ovate +
unequal +  and rarely subequal +
6.8 cm68 mm <br />0.068 m <br /> (10.4 cm104 mm <br />0.104 m <br />) +
hispido-strigose +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
hispido-strigillose +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br />) +
not persisting +
Flowering Aug–Oct. +
stipitate-glandular +
lanceolate +  and linear-lanceolate acute +
ovate-oblanceolate +
Gard. Dict. ed. +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
strigillose +  and glabrous +
8 +  and 10 +
exalbuminous +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
1 +  and 50 +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +  and smooth +
Solidago rugosa var. glabrata +, Solidago rugosa var. villosa +  and Solidago villosa +
Solidago rugosa var. rugosa +
Solidago rugosa subsp. rugosa +
variety +
not persisting +
100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br /> (200 cm2,000 mm <br />2 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +