Solidago stricta

Aiton

Hort. Kew. 3: 216. 1789.

Common names: Wand or wandlike or willow-leaf goldenrod
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 137. Mentioned on page 136.

Plants 30–200 cm; caudices short, simple, rhizomes long, stoloniform. Stems 1–5 (–10), ascending to erect (tall stems sometimes arching), branching proximal to arrays only in damaged stems, glabrous. Leaves: basal subsessile to winged-petiolate, petioles of proximalmost nearly completely sheathing stems, blades oblanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, 60–600 × 3–20 (–50) mm, thick and firm, obtuse to rounded, bases tapering, margins entire or obscurely serrate, glabrous; proximal to distal cauline sessile, ascending to nearly appressed, lanceolate-oblong to linear, 10–30 × 2–4 mm, abruptly reduced proximally, then gradually so distally, margins entire, apices acute, faces glabrous. Heads 15–250, sometimes secund on proximal branches and secund terminus, in linear, narrowly elongate paniculiform to elongate pyramidal-secund or thyrsiform-paniculiform and not secund arrays, sometimes with a few elongate proximal, arching branches. Peduncles slender, 2–10 mm, glabrous or sparsely strigillose; bracteoles linear. Involucres narrowly campanulate, 4–6 mm. Phyllaries in 3–4 series, oblong, unequal, acute to rounded, glabrous. Ray-florets 3–7, 1.5–2 × ca. 0.5 mm. Disc-florets usually 8–12; corollas 3–5 mm, lobes 1–1.2 mm. Cypselae 1.5–2.5 mm, sparsely to moderately strigose; pappi 3 mm.

Distribution

V20-289-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Del., Fla., Ga., La., Md., Miss., N.C., N.J., S.C., Tex., Va., Mexico, Central America

Discussion

Subspecies 2 (2 in the flora).

Solidago chrysopsis is interpreted here as just a diminutive form of S. stricta growing in the Florida Keys. Solidago stricta may hybridize with S. sempervirens in locations near salt marshes. Solidago flavovirens, from brackish marshes near Apalachicola, may be this species, or perhaps a hybrid with S. sempervirens.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Basal leaves entire; arrays narrow, without elongate proximal branches; outer coastal plain, Delaware to Texas (Mexico, Central America) Solidago stricta subsp. stricta
1 Basal leaves sparsely to obviously serrate; arrays sometimes with much elongate proximal arching branches; mostly inner coastal plain, North Carolina to Alabama Solidago stricta subsp. gracillima
... more about "Solidago stricta"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually triangular +  and linear +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
not secund +, paniculiform +  and elongate pyramidal-secund or thyrsiform-paniculiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
John C. Semple +  and Rachel E. Cook +
subsessile +  and winged-petiolate +
not persisting +
tapering +
Maritimae +
compound +  and simple +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +
obtuse;rounded +
thick;3mm;20mm +
rugulose +  and muricate +
elongate +
Wand or wandlike or willow-leaf goldenrod +
not 2-lipped +  and actinomorphic +
yellow +  and white +
ampliate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
beaked +, 2-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
compressed +, narrowly obconic +  and cylindric +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Ala. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Md. +, Miss. +, N.C. +, N.J. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Mexico +  and Central America +
resinous +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
indeterminate +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
cone--shaped +, wand +  and club-shaped +
each +  and sessile +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
campanulate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
10mm;30mm +
cauline +, proximal +  and distal +
lanceolate-oblong;linear +
reduced +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
erect;spreading +
triangular +  and narrowly lanceolate +
entire +  and serrate +
linear-lanceolate +  and oblong or ovate +
unequal +  and rarely subequal +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
strigillose +  and glabrous +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
not persisting +
acute +  and rounded +
ovate-oblanceolate +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
stoloniform +
strigillose +  and glabrous +
8 +  and 10 +
exalbuminous +
5 (?) +  and 10 (?) +
ascending +  and erect +
1 +  and 5 +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +  and smooth +
Undefined subsect. Dasiorima +, Undefined subsect. Lepiactis +, Integrifoliae +, Sempervirentes +, Solidago subg. Stenactila +, Uliginosae +, Solidago subsect. Unicostatae +  and Solidago sect. Virgatae +
Solidago stricta +
Solidago subsect. Maritimae +
species +
not persisting +
100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br /> (200 cm2,000 mm <br />2 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +