Solidago tortifolia

Elliott

Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 377. 1823.

Common names: Twist-leaf goldenrod
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 158. Mentioned on page 110, 150.

Plants 30–130 cm; caudices small, woody, rhizomes creeping, elongate. Stems 1–10, ascending to erect, uniformly finely strigillose-villous distal to mid. Leaves: basal cauline nearly always withering well before flowering, linear-oblanceolate, smaller than proximal mid cauline, serrate; proximal persisting, sometimes brown-black after senescence, often twisted; proximal to distal numerous (100+ on tall stems), crowded, sessile, blades (bright green) linear to linear-lanceolate, 20–70 × 2–7 (–10) mm, margins remotely serrulate (proximal) to entire or with 1–2 minute serrations (distal), obscurely 3-nerved, one or both faces glabrous or finely strigillose. Heads 100–300+, in short-to-elongate, pyramidal paniculiform arrays, branches recurved, secund. Peduncles 1–4 mm, finely strigilloso-villous; bracteoles 0–2, linear, grading into phyllaries. Involucres narrowly campanulate, 2.5–3.5 mm. Phyllaries in 3–4 series, strongly unequal; outer ovate, acute, inner oblong, obtuse to rounded. Ray-florets 2–8; laminae 1–2 × 0.25–0.5 mm. Disc-florets 2–4 (–6); corollas 2.3–3.5 mm, lobes 0.4–1 mm. Cypselae (narrowly obconic) 1 mm, strigillose; pappi 2–3 mm. 2n = 18.


Phenology: Flowering Aug–Nov (year-round).
Habitat: Dry, usually sandy soils, pinelands, embankments
Elevation: 0–100+ m

Distribution

V20-342-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., S.C., Tex., Va.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Solidago tortifolia"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually triangular +  and linear +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
paniculiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
pyramidal +
short-to-elongate +
John C. Semple +  and Rachel E. Cook +
Elliott +
not persisting +
decurrent +
Triplinerviae +
compound +  and simple +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
linear;linear-lanceolate +
2mm;7mm +
rugulose +  and muricate +
cone--shaped +
Twist-leaf goldenrod +
not 2-lipped +  and actinomorphic +
yellow +  and white +
ampliate +
0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
beaked +, 2-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
compressed +, narrowly obconic +  and cylindric +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Miss. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Tex. +  and Va. +
0–100+ m +
resinous +
strigillose +  and glabrous +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Dry, usually sandy soils, pinelands, embankments +
indeterminate +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
each +  and sessile +
obtuse +  and rounded +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
campanulate +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.25mm;0.5mm +
proximal to distal +, cauline +  and basal +
erect;spreading +
triangular +  and narrowly lanceolate +
with 1-2 minute serrations +, remotely serrulate +  and entire +
linear-lanceolate +  and oblong or ovate +
unequal +  and rarely subequal +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
strigilloso-villous +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
not persisting +
Flowering Aug–Nov (year-round). +
stipitate-glandular +
ovate-oblanceolate +
linear-oblanceolate +
Sketch Bot. S. Carolina +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
strigillose +  and glabrous +
8 +  and 10 +
exalbuminous +
ascending +  and erect +
Distal (?) +  and Mid (?) +
1 +  and 10 +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +  and smooth +
Altissimae +, Solidago subg. Brachyactis +, Solidago (sect. Undefined) ser. Paniculatae +, Serotinae +, Solidago subg. Triactis +  and Solidago (sect. Undefined) ser. Trinerves +
Solidago tortifolia +
Solidago subsect. Triplinerviae +
species +
not persisting +
100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br /> (200 cm2,000 mm <br />2 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +