Solidago velutina

de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle

in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 5: 332. 1836.

Common names: Velvety or three-nerved goldenrod
Synonyms: Aster velutinus (de Candolle) Kuntze
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 160. Mentioned on page 159, 161.

Plants (forming diffuse clones) 15–80 (–150) cm; rhizomes creeping, slender. Stems 1 (at ends of rhizomes), ascending to erect, glabrate proximally to sparsely to densely strigoso-puberulent distally. Leaves: basal and proximal cauline often persisting to flowering, gradually tapering to winged petioles, blades linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate, rarely spatulate, 50–120 × 8–30 mm, proximalmost much smaller, margins entire to sharply serrate, faces glabrate to moderately scabroso-strigose; mid and distal cauline sessile or subsessille, blades elliptic to oblanceolate or obovate, 10–50 × 3–12 mm, mid tapering to bases, somewhat to strongly 3-nerved, largest, usually much reduced distally, margins entire or sometimes distally serrate, apices acute, faces sparsely to densely strigoso-puberulent, sometimes softly so. Heads (2–) 30–500, in narrow to broad, thyrsiform to secund-pyramidal paniculiform arrays, branches recurved, secund, congested to lax. Peduncles 1–6 mm, sparsely to densely strigillose; bracteoles 0–5, sometimes clustered near to and grading into phyllaries, linear-lanceolate. Involucres campanulate, 3.5–6 mm. Phyllaries in 3–5 series, lanceolate to oblong, strongly unequal, acute or sometimes obtuse, glabrous or sparsely strigillose. Ray-florets 6–12; laminae 2.9–6.3 × 0.3–0.7 (–1) mm. Disc-florets 5–17; corollas 3.5–6 mm, lobes 0.8–1.7 mm. Cypselae 0.7–2.7 mm, sparsely to densely strigillose; pappi 2.5–4.7 mm.

Distribution

V20-348-distribution-map.gif

Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, N.Mex., Nev., Oreg., Tex., Wyo., Mexico

Discussion

Subspecies 3 (2 in the flora).

G. L. Nesom (1993b) merged Solidago californica, S. sparsiflora, and S. velutina without recognizing any infraspecific taxa, as did A. Cronquist (1994). J. C. Semple et al. (1990) compared S. californica and S. sparsiflora to S. nemoralis and found that all three are significantly different in a multivariate analysis. Evidence for separating the two subspecies of S. nemoralis was greater than the support for separating S. californica and S. sparsiflora.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Stems and leaves sparsely strigillose; outer phyllaries glabrate; Wyoming to e California, s to Arizona and New Mexico, Mexico Solidago velutina subsp. sparsiflora
1 Stems and leaves moderately to densely strigillose; outer phyllaries sparsely strigillose; California and s Oregon Solidago velutina subsp. californica
... more about "Solidago velutina"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually triangular +  and linear +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
thyrsiform +  and secund-pyramidal paniculiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
cone--shaped +
narrow +  and broad +
John C. Semple +  and Rachel E. Cook +
de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle +
not persisting +
decurrent +
Nemorales +
compound +  and simple +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
tapering;elliptic;oblanceolate or obovate +
3mm;12mm +
rugulose +  and muricate +
linear-lanceolate +
Velvety or three-nerved goldenrod +
not 2-lipped +  and actinomorphic +
yellow +  and white +
ampliate +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
beaked +, 2-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
compressed +, narrowly obconic +  and cylindric +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, N.Mex. +, Nev. +, Oreg. +, Tex. +, Wyo. +  and Mexico +
resinous +
strigoso-puberulent +, glabrate +  and moderately scabroso-strigose +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
indeterminate +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
each +  and sessile +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
campanulate +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
2.9mm;6.3mm +
0.3mm;0.7mm +
subsessille +  and sessile +
persisting +
cauline +, mid +, proximal +  and basal +
strigoso-canescent +
tapering +
erect;spreading +
triangular +  and narrowly lanceolate +
entire +  and sharply serrate +
reduced +  and largest +
linear-lanceolate +  and oblong or ovate +
unequal +  and rarely subequal +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.47 cm4.7 mm <br />0.0047 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
not persisting +
strigillose +  and glabrous +
obtuse +, acute +, lanceolate +  and oblong +
ovate-oblanceolate +
petiolate +  and subpetiolate +
in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
strigillose +  and glabrous +
8 +  and 10 +
exalbuminous +
ascending +  and erect +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +  and smooth +
Aster velutinus +
Solidago velutina +
Solidago subsect. Nemorales +
species +
not persisting +
100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br /> (200 cm2,000 mm <br />2 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +