Solidago verna

M. A. Curtis ex Torrey & A. Gray

Fl. N. Amer. 2: 205. 1842.

Common names: Spring-flowering goldenrod
Endemic
Synonyms: Aster vernus (M. A. Curtis ex Torrey & A. Gray) Kuntze
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 133. Mentioned on page 130.

Plants 50–120 cm; caudices branching, woody. Stems 1, ascending-erect, softly short-villous. Leaves: basal and proximal cauline winged-petiolate petioles (petioles 1/2+ leaf length), blades broadly ovate (or subcordate) to elliptic, 50–100 (–160) × 30–40 mm, margins shallowly serrate-crenate, apices acute to obtuse, soft short-villous; mid and distal cauline subpetiolate or sessile, blades ovate to elliptic, 20–40 × 5–15 mm, greatly reduced, becoming narrowly elliptic. Heads 50–100, in paniculiform arrays, proximal branches obscurely to evidently recurved-secund. Peduncles slender. Involucres campanulate, 4–5 mm. Phyllaries in 3–4 series, broadly lanceolate, unequal, glabrate or sparsely short-strigose. Ray-florets usually 7–12; laminae 3–6 × 1.5–2 mm. Disc-florets usually 14–27; corolla-tubes 4 mm, lobes 0.8–1 mm. Cypselae 1.5–2.5, sparsely strigose; pappi ± 3 mm (shorter than corollas). 2n = 18.


Phenology: Flowering May–Jun.
Habitat: Open woods, fields, dry bogs, roadsides of coastal plain
Elevation: 10–70 m

Discussion

Solidago verna is in the Center for Plant Conservation’s National Collection of Endangered Plants.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Solidago verna"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
distinct +
short-villous +
subequal +
scarious +
usually triangular +  and linear +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
paniculiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
cone--shaped +
John C. Semple +  and Rachel E. Cook +
M. A. Curtis ex Torrey & A. Gray +
not persisting +
decurrent +
Argutae +
compound +  and simple +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
ovate;elliptic +
reduced +
5mm;15mm +
rugulose +  and muricate +
Spring-flowering goldenrod +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (?) +
not 2-lipped +  and actinomorphic +
yellow +  and white +
ampliate +
beaked +, 2-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
1.5 +  and 2.5 +
compressed +, narrowly obconic +  and cylindric +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
N.C. +  and S.C. +
10–70 m +
resinous +
stipitate-glandular +, puberulent +, pilose +, glabrous +, glabrous or +  and sparsely densely scabrous strigillose or villous +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Open woods, fields, dry bogs, roadsides of coastal plain +
indeterminate +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
each +  and sessile +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
campanulate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
1.5mm;2mm +
sessile +  and subpetiolate +
cauline +  and mid +
erect;spreading +
triangular +  and narrowly lanceolate +
not stipitate-glandular +
serrate-crenate +
linear-lanceolate +  and oblong or ovate +
unequal +  and rarely subequal +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
2 times cypsela bodies +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
not persisting +
Flowering May–Jun. +
short-strigose +  and glabrate +
lanceolate +
ovate-oblanceolate +
Fl. N. Amer. +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
strigillose +  and glabrous +
8 +  and 10 +
exalbuminous +
ascending-erect +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +  and smooth +
Aster vernus +
Solidago verna +
Solidago (sect. Solidago) ser. Argutae +
species +
not persisting +
100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br /> (200 cm2,000 mm <br />2 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +