Staphylea trifolia

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 270. 1753.

Common names: American bladdernut staphylier à trois folioles
EndemicIllustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 8. Mentioned on page 7.

Plants suckering, 2–4 (–5) m. Leaves: leaflet blades elliptic to widely obovate, 4.5–13 cm, margins serrulate to serrate, apex acuminate, abaxial surfaces ± villous, densely when young, adaxial glabrous or sparsely hairy. Flowers campanulate; sepals pale greenish, greenish pink to pale-pink to whitish, 4–7 mm; petals spatulate, 6–8 mm, apex recurved; filaments not or barely exserted, 6–8 mm, equal to or slightly longer than petals, basally villous; pistils villous, styles ± equal to stamens. Capsules obovoid, 3–5 cm. 2n = 72.


Phenology: Flowering Apr–Jun.
Habitat: Deciduous forests, often humid, often at bases of rocky slopes, floodplain woods, thickets, stream banks
Elevation: 0–1000 m

Distribution

V9 8-distribution-map.jpg

Ont., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Leaves of Staphylea trifolia are sometimes 5-foliolate.

The relationship of Staphylea trifolia with the northern Mexican S. pringlei S. Watson remains to be determined.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Staphylea trifolia"
hairy +  and glabrous +
sagittate +  and x--shaped +
villous +  and glabrous +
Luc Brouillet +
Linnaeus +
cuneate +, rounded +  and oblique +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
American bladdernut +  and staphylier à trois folioles +
Ont. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0–1000 m +
slightly longer +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
3-lobed +  and inflated +
Deciduous forests, often humid, often at bases of rocky slopes, floodplain woods, thickets, stream banks +
unicellular +
sessile +  and short-petiolulate +
3(-5)-foliolate +
deciduous +
cylindro-campanulate +  and campanulate +
4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br /> (13 cm130 mm <br />0.13 m <br />) +
crenulate-serrulate;serrulate;serrate +
serrulate to serrate +
axile-basal +
2-bracteolate +
distinct +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
Flowering Apr–Jun. +
short-stalked +
swollen +
not arillate +
2 +  and 1 +
spheric +
greenish pink;pale-pink +
persistent +
connate +  and distinct +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
(2-)3(-4)-lobed +
expanded +
extrapetiolar +
persistent +
Staphylea trifolia +
Staphylea +
species +
bracteate +, pedunculate +  and 5-15[-25+]-flowered +
plant +  and suckering +