Syntrichia latifolia

(Bruch ex Hartman) Huebener

Muscol. Germ., 342. 1833,.

Basionym: Tortula latifolia Bruch ex Hartman Handb. Skand. Fl. ed. 2, 322. 1832
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 620. Mentioned on page 599, 619.

Stems 4–12 mm. Leaves infolded, twisted, and slightly contorted when dry, erect-spreading when moist, narrowly or broadly spatulate, 1.8–2.8 × 0.6–0.8 mm; margins revolute in the proximal 1/2, entire; apices obtuse; costa ending a few cells before the apex or percurrent, brown, smooth; basal-cells abruptly differentiated, narrower toward the margins; distal cells rounded, polygonal, or quadrate, 12–18 µm, with 4–6 papillae per cell. Specialized asexual reproduction by gemmae on the adaxial or occasionally the abaxial leaf surface of leaves, ovoid and rounded, 25–45 µm in diameter, green to brown, multicellular. Sexual condition dioicous. Seta red, 6 mm. Capsule red, 3 mm, straight, with a distinct neck; operculum 1.5–2mm, red; peristome 1 mm, basal membrane 1/2–2/3 the total length, red. Spores 10–15 µm, papillose.


Habitat: Bark of trees, rarely on rocks
Elevation: low to high elevations

Distribution

V27 905-distribution-map.gif

B.C., Ariz., Calif., Oreg., Wash., Europe

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Syntrichia latifolia"
elongate +  and quadrate +
of 1-2 rows +  and differentiated +
long-excurrent +  and short-excurrent +
apiculate +, emarginate +  and truncate +
Brent D. Mishler +
(Bruch ex Hartman) Huebener +
colored +  and hyaline +
reniform +  and rounded +
rectangular +
papillose +  and smooth +
usually slightly wider +
usually ovate;oblong +
Tortula latifolia +
obovoid +
not differentiated +
brown +  and yellow +
acute +  and long-cucullate +
cleistocarpous +  and stegocarpous +
striolate +
cylindric +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
monoicous +, dioicous +  and sexual +
flat to bulging +
vesiculose +  and thick-walled +
elongate-rhomboid +  and elongate +
tomentose +  and bare +
sometimes slightly longer than wide +
dioicous +  and sexual +
rounded +, quadrate +  and polygonal +
large +  and small +
B.C. +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Oreg. +, Wash. +  and Europe +
low to high elevations +
differentiated +
multicellular +
Bark of trees, rarely on rocks +
yellow +  and orange-red or red +
strong +  and weak +
1 +  and 3 +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
concave;keeled;channeled;ovoid;lanceolate or lingulate +
1.8mm +  and 2.8mm +
spatulate +  and infolded +
reduced +
0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
revolute +  and plane +
pale +  and colored +
distinct +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
photosynthetic +
compound +, simple +, hollow +  and solid +
4 +  and 6 +
flattened +  and 2-fid +
lateral +  and terminal +
blunt +, oblong-lingulate +  and ovate +
lateral +  and terminal +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
red +, orange +  and yellow +
consisting of 16 mostly 2 times cleft spiculose striate or papillose lanceolate teeth , , , , +  and rudimentary +
synoicous +, autoicous +, dioicous +  and sexual +
cylindric +  and spherical +
Muscol. Germ., +
straight +
elongate +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (?) +
2 +  and 1 +
brick-red +  and laminal +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
Syntrichia latifolia +
Syntrichia +
species +
ovoid;cylindric +
yellow distally and red +, orange +, red +  and yellow +
stemless +  and perigoniate +
green;yellow or redbrown +
small +  and large +