Syntrichia papillosa

(Wilson) Juratska

Laubm.-Fl. Oestrr.-Ung., 141. 1882,.

Basionyms: Tortula papillosa Wilson London J. Bot. 4: 193. 1845
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 620. Mentioned on page 619, 621.

Stems 1–4 (–8) mm. Leaves incurved and slightly twisted when dry, erect to widespreading when moist, spatulate, (1.5–) 2–3 × 0.75–1.25 mm; margins incurved when dry, plane to erect when moist, entire or occasionally serrulate near the apex; apices acute; costa excurrent into a short, smooth or serrulate, yellowish or hyaline awn 1/8–1/5 the leaf length, yellow or red, rounded and sharply papillose-serrate abaxially, smooth on the adaxial surface; basal-cells gradually differentiated; distal cells isodiametric, rounded-hexagonal, 14–22 µm, papillae abaxial, single, simple, rarely forked near the costa, cells rather thick-walled, collenchymatous; cells elongate near leaf apex. Specialized asexual reproduction by gemmae borne on the adaxial surface of the costa, spherical or ovoid, 4–10-celled, brown when mature, smooth. Sexual condition reportedly dioicous. Sporophytes not known from the flora region.


Habitat: Bark of trees or in rock crevices
Elevation: low to high elevations

Distribution

V27 903-distribution-map.gif

N.S., Ont., Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., Ga., Ill., Maine, Mass., Mich., Mo., Nev., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Wash., Mexico, South America (Brazil), South America (Colombia), South America (Ecuador), Europe, s Africa, Atlantic Islands (Falkland Islands), Pacific Islands (New Zealand), Australia

Discussion

The leaves of Syntrichia papillosa have unipapillose cells, with the papillae only on the abaxial surface, strongly papillose-serrate costae, and small, smooth, brown propagula borne on the adaxial surface of the costa. The plants superficially resemble S. laevipila in the field, but the position and nature of the propagula as well as the incurved leaf margins and roughened back of the costa distinguish S. papillosa, even with a hand lens. Sporophytes are known only from Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Syntrichia papillosa"
elongate +  and quadrate +
ovoid +  and spherical +
of 1-2 rows +  and differentiated +
long-excurrent +  and short-excurrent +
apiculate +, emarginate +  and truncate +
Brent D. Mishler +
(Wilson) Juratska +
serrulate +  and smooth +
hyaline +  and yellowish +
reniform +  and rounded +
rectangular +
papillose +  and smooth +
usually slightly wider +
usually ovate;oblong +
Tortula papillosa +
obovoid +
not differentiated +
brown +  and yellow +
acute +  and long-cucullate +
brown +  and red +
curved +  and straight +
cleistocarpous +  and stegocarpous +
striolate +
cylindric +
monoicous +, dioicous +  and sexual +
flat to bulging +
collenchymatous +  and thick-walled +
specialized +
Few (?) +  and Several (?) +
dioicous +  and sexual +
elongate +
tomentose +  and bare +
sometimes slightly longer than wide +
rounded-hexagonal +
large +  and small +
N.S. +, Ont. +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Maine +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Mo. +, Nev. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Wash. +, Mexico +, South America (Brazil) +, South America (Colombia) +, South America (Ecuador) +, Europe +, s Africa +, Atlantic Islands (Falkland Islands) +, Pacific Islands (New Zealand) +  and Australia +
low to high elevations +
differentiated +
multicellular +
Bark of trees or in rock crevices +
yellow +  and orange-red or red +
strong +  and weak +
1 +  and 3 +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
concave;keeled;channeled;ovoid;lanceolate or lingulate +
papillose-serrate +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
red +, yellow +, 2mm +  and 3mm +
rounded +  and spatulate +
reduced +
0.075 cm0.75 mm <br />7.5e-4 m <br /> (0.125 cm1.25 mm <br />0.00125 m <br />) +
serrulate +  and entire +
erect +  and incurved +
pale +  and colored +
distinct +
photosynthetic +
lateral +  and terminal +
blunt +, oblong-lingulate +  and ovate +
lateral +  and terminal +
red +, orange +  and yellow +
consisting of 16 mostly 2 times cleft spiculose striate or papillose lanceolate teeth , , , , +  and rudimentary +
synoicous +, autoicous +, dioicous +  and sexual +
cylindric +  and spherical +
Laubm.-Fl. Oestrr.-Ung., +
straight +
elongate +
2 +  and 1 +
brick-red +  and laminal +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Syntrichia papillosa +
Syntrichia +
species +
ovoid;cylindric +
yellow distally and red +, orange +, red +  and yellow +
stemless +  and perigoniate +
green;yellow or redbrown +
small +  and large +