Syntrichia sinensis

(Müller Hal.) Ochyra

Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 37: 213. 1992,.

Basionym: Barbula sinensis Müller Hal. Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s. 3: 100. 1896
Synonyms: Tortula sinensis (Müller Hal.) Brotherus
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 623. Mentioned on page 619.

Stems 4–15 mm. Leaves longitudinally folded and spirally twisted around the stem but little crisped when dry, widespreading when moist, oblong-lingulate to spatulate, 2–4.5 × 0.6–1.6 mm; margins revolute in the proximal 1/2, entire; apices acute; costa excurrent into a smooth to slightly toothed, hyaline awn, brown or reddish, smooth; basal-cells abruptly differentiated, narrower toward the margins; distal cells polygonal, or quadrate, 12–20 µm, with 8–10 papillae per cell; marginal cells not differentiated. Specialized asexual reproduction absent. Sexual condition autoicous. Seta red, 15–25 mm. Capsule red, 3–3.8 mm, straight or slightly curved, with a distinct neck; operculum 1.2–1.5 mm, red; peristome 0.8–1.1 mm, red, the basal membrane pale, about 1/4 the total length. Spores 12–18 µm, papillose.


Habitat: Vertical limestone faces
Elevation: high elevations

Distribution

V27 911-distribution-map.gif

Colo., N.Mex., Europe, Asia, n Africa

Discussion

Only recently discovered in the Rocky Mountains, Syntrichia sinensis may have been overlooked elsewhere in the flora area. For example, it is to be expected in the northern part of the Sierra Nevada of California where limestone is exposed.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Syntrichia sinensis"
elongate +  and quadrate +
of 1-2 rows +  and differentiated +
long-excurrent +  and short-excurrent +
apiculate +, emarginate +  and truncate +
Brent D. Mishler +
(Müller Hal.) Ochyra +
toothed +
reniform +  and rounded +
rectangular +
papillose +  and smooth +
usually slightly wider +
usually ovate;oblong +
Barbula sinensis +
obovoid +
not differentiated +
brown +  and yellow +
acute +  and long-cucullate +
curved +  and straight +
cleistocarpous +  and stegocarpous +
striolate +
cylindric +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.38 cm3.8 mm <br />0.0038 m <br />) +
monoicous +, dioicous +  and sexual +
flat to bulging +
vesiculose +  and thick-walled +
Few (?) +  and Several (?) +
elongate-rhomboid +  and elongate +
tomentose +  and bare +
reddish +  and brown +
sometimes slightly longer than wide +
quadrate +  and polygonal +
large +  and small +
Colo. +, N.Mex. +, Europe +, Asia +  and n Africa +
high elevations +
differentiated +
multicellular +
Vertical limestone faces +
yellow +  and orange-red or red +
strong +  and weak +
1 +  and 3 +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
concave;keeled;channeled;ovoid;lanceolate or lingulate +
2mm +  and 4.5mm +
oblong-lingulate +  and spatulate +
reduced +
0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br /> (0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br />) +
revolute +  and plane +
pale +  and colored +
autoicous +, sexual +  and asexual +
not differentiated +
distinct +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
photosynthetic +
compound +, simple +, hollow +  and solid +
8 +  and 10 +
flattened +  and 2-fid +
lateral +  and terminal +
blunt +, oblong-lingulate +  and ovate +
lateral +  and terminal +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.11 cm1.1 mm <br />0.0011 m <br />) +
red +, orange +  and yellow +
consisting of 16 mostly 2 times cleft spiculose striate or papillose lanceolate teeth , , , , +  and rudimentary +
synoicous +, autoicous +, dioicous +  and sexual +
cylindric +  and spherical +
Fragm. Florist. Geobot. +
straight +
elongate +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
2 +  and 1 +
brick-red +  and laminal +
crisped +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
Tortula sinensis +
Syntrichia sinensis +
Syntrichia +
species +
ovoid;cylindric +
yellow distally and red +, orange +, red +  and yellow +
stemless +  and perigoniate +
green;yellow or redbrown +
small +  and large +