Syrrhopodon prolifer var. scaber

(Mitten) W. D. Reese in Organization for Flora Neotropica

in Organization for Flora Neotropica, Fl. Neotrop. 58: 13. 1993,.

Basionym: Syrrhopodon scaber J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 12: 119. 1869
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 657.

Plants tufted or in loose to dense sods, pale glaucous green when dry, 0.5–1 cm. Leaves monomorphic, 2–3 mm, erect and straight or flexuous when dry; distal lamina not or only slightly reflexed at shoulders, plane when wet, narrowly linear, apex rounded; margins bordered all around with elongate hyaline cells, toothed to spinose only at apex; medial cells obscure due to papillosity, 7–9 µm, with bulging multifid papillae ad and abaxially; cancellinae ending in acute angles distally. Gemmae clavate, smooth, very sparse, adaxial and sometimes abaxial on leaf apex.


Habitat: Not producing sporophytes in flora area. Sandy soil, roof of sandstone cave, humid forests in ravines, along bases of bluffs
Elevation: low elevations (0-100 m)

Distribution

V27 970-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Fla., La., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America

Discussion

Syrrhopodon prolifer var. scaber is easy to recognize by its pale color, grass-like aspect of the colonies due to the narrow erect leaves, and leaves bordered all around with elongate hyaline cells and spinose-toothed at apices.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
differentiated +
conspicuous +
William D. Reese† +
(Mitten) W. D. Reese in Organization for Flora Neotropica +
Syrrhopodon scaber +
conic-mitrate +  and cucullate +
yellowish;brown +
cylindric +
elongate +
enlarged +
clavate-fusiform +
Ala. +, Fla. +, La. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +  and South America +
low elevations (0-100 m) +
seriate-multicellular +
abaxial +  and adaxial +
Not producing sporophytes in flora area. Sandy soil, roof of sandstone cave, humid forests in ravines, along bases of bluffs +
monomorphic +
monoicous +, dioicous +  and sexual +
filamentous +
flexuous +  and straight +
long-linear +, acuminate +, lanceolate +  and oblong +
reduced +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
toothed +  and spinose +
monoicous +, dioicous +  and sexual +
undifferentiated +
in Organization for Flora Neotropica, Fl. Neotrop. +
brown;red or dark purple +
yellow;red +
persistent +
2 +  and 3 +
elongate +
spherical +
in part +  and bordered +
Syrrhopodon prolifer var. scaber +
Syrrhopodon prolifer +
variety +
papillose +
in loose to dense sods +  and tufted +
small;medium-sized +