Taxodium distichum var. distichum

Common names: Bald-cypress
Synonyms: Taxodium distichum var. nutans
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.

Trees to 50 m; trunk to 4 m diam. Bark usually dark reddish-brown to light-brown with shallow furrows. Branchlets mostly with leaves in 2 ranks, pendent to horizontally spreading. Leaves mostly narrowly linear, ca. 5–17 mm, laterally divergent, free portion contracted and twisted basally. 2n = 22.


Habitat: Brownwater rivers, lake margins, and swamps, occasionally in slightly brackish water
Elevation: 0–160 m (to 500 m in Tex.)

Distribution

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Ala., Ark., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Md., Miss., Mo., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va.

Discussion

This variety and var. mexicanum exhibit continuous morphologic integradation and are distinguished on the basis of phenology and distribution.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
Frank D. Watson +
(Linnaeus) Richard +
long-lived +
usually dark reddish-brown +  and light-brown +
Cupressus disticha +
pendent +  and horizontally spreading +
inconspicuous +  and undifferentiated +
Bald-cypress +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.C. +, Okla. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +  and Va. +
0–160 m (to 500 m in Tex.) +
Brownwater rivers, lake margins, and swamps, occasionally in slightly brackish water +
decurrent +  and scale-like +
petioled +, sessile +, twisted +  and simple +
persisting +
3 (?) +  and 5 (?) +
short-lanceolate +  and deltate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +
spheric;oblong +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. +
fibrous;woody +
peltate +  and complex +
cuneate +  and oblong +
fleshy +  and woody +
overlapping +
3-angled +
Illustrated +
Taxodium distichum var. nutans +
Taxodium distichum var. distichum +
Taxodium distichum +
variety +
enlarged +
flattened +, angled +  and terete +
evergreen +  and deciduous +
asymmetric +  and symmetric +