Thladiantha

Bunge

Enum. Pl. China Bor., 29. 1833.

Common names: Golden creeper
Introduced
Etymology: Greek thladias, eunuch, and anthos, flower, alluding to staminodes in neuter flowers
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 9. Mentioned on page 6.

Plants perennial, dioecious, climbing; stems annual, hirsute; roots tuberous; tendrils unbranched or 2-branched. Leaves: blade broadly ovate to suborbiculate, not lobed or angulate, margins serrate to [serrulate] denticulate, surfaces eglandular. Inflorescences: staminate flowers 5–15 in axillary racemes or umbelliform fascicles, less commonly solitary; pistillate flowers solitary [2–3], axillary; bracts absent [present]. Flowers: hypanthium shallowly campanulate to subrotate; sepals 5, recurving, linearlanceolate to narrowly lanceolate; petals 5, distinct nearly to base, yellow, ovate-oblong, 15–25 mm, villous abaxially, papillose-glandular adaxially, corolla campanulate. Staminate flowers: stamens 5; filaments inserted near hypanthium base, distinct; thecae connate, forming central oblong body, sigmoid-flexuous, connective broad; pistillodes present. Pistillate flowers: ovary 3-locular, oblong; ovules 30–70 per locule; style 1, columnar; stigmas 3, 2-lobed; staminodes 5 (4 in approximate pairs), linear. Fruits pepos, orange-red [red or green], oblong-ovoid [ellipsoid], longitudinally furrowed [smooth], densely hispid-hirsute to hirsute or hirsute-villous, irregularly dehiscent. Seeds 100–200, obovoid, flattened, not arillate, margins not differentiated, surface smooth. x = 9.

Distribution

Introduced; e Asia, Africa

Discussion

Species ca. 23 (1 in the flora).

Lower Taxa

... more about "Thladiantha"
distinct +  and connate +
Guy L. Nesom +
broadly ovate;suborbiculate not lobed or angulate +
tubular +, saucer--shaped +, campanulate +  and rotate +
Golden creeper +
e Asia +  and Africa +
Greek thladias, eunuch, and anthos, flower, alluding to staminodes in neuter flowers +
furrowed +  and echinate +
dehiscent +  and indehiscent +
bristly +, smooth +, hairy +  and glabrous +
tuberculate +  and muricate +
fleshy +  and hard +
pistillate +, staminate +  and umbelliform +
densely hispid-hirsute +  and hirsute or hirsute-villous +
perennial +
dioecious +  and monoecious +
umbellate;subumbellate +
solitary +, corymbose +, fasciculate +, racemose +  and paniculate +
petiolate +, estipulate +  and simple +
serrate +  and denticulate +
not differentiated +
induplicate-valvate +  and imbricate +
distinct +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
Enum. Pl. China Bor., +
lu1982a +
not arillate +
flattened +  and obovoid +
lanceolate +
Introduced +
climbing +  and procumbent +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
columnar +
Thladiantha +
Cucurbitaceae +
2-branched +  and unbranched +
plant +  and climbing +