Thladiantha

Bunge

Enum. Pl. China Bor., 29. 1833.

Common names: Golden creeper
Introduced
Etymology: Greek thladias, eunuch, and anthos, flower, alluding to staminodes in neuter flowers
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 9. Mentioned on page 6.
 TaxonIllustrator 
FNA6 P01 Momordica charantia.jpegMomordica charantia subsp. charantia
Thladiantha dubia
Ecballium elaterium
Yevonn Wilson-Ramsey
Yevonn Wilson-Ramsey
Yevonn Wilson-Ramsey

Plants perennial, dioecious, climbing; stems annual, hirsute; roots tuberous; tendrils unbranched or 2-branched. Leaves: blade broadly ovate to suborbiculate, not lobed or angulate, margins serrate to [serrulate] denticulate, surfaces eglandular. Inflorescences: staminate flowers 5–15 in axillary racemes or umbelliform fascicles, less commonly solitary; pistillate flowers solitary [2–3], axillary; bracts absent [present]. Flowers: hypanthium shallowly campanulate to subrotate; sepals 5, recurving, linearlanceolate to narrowly lanceolate; petals 5, distinct nearly to base, yellow, ovate-oblong, 15–25 mm, villous abaxially, papillose-glandular adaxially, corolla campanulate. Staminate flowers: stamens 5; filaments inserted near hypanthium base, distinct; thecae connate, forming central oblong body, sigmoid-flexuous, connective broad; pistillodes present. Pistillate flowers: ovary 3-locular, oblong; ovules 30–70 per locule; style 1, columnar; stigmas 3, 2-lobed; staminodes 5 (4 in approximate pairs), linear. Fruits pepos, orange-red [red or green], oblong-ovoid [ellipsoid], longitudinally furrowed [smooth], densely hispid-hirsute to hirsute or hirsute-villous, irregularly dehiscent. Seeds 100–200, obovoid, flattened, not arillate, margins not differentiated, surface smooth. x = 9.

Distribution

Introduced; e Asia, Africa

Discussion

Species ca. 23 (1 in the flora).

Lower Taxa

... more about "Thladiantha"
distinct +  and connate +
Guy L. Nesom +
broadly ovate;suborbiculate not lobed or angulate +
tubular +, saucer--shaped +, campanulate +  and rotate +
Golden creeper +
e Asia +  and Africa +
Greek thladias, eunuch, and anthos, flower, alluding to staminodes in neuter flowers +
furrowed +  and echinate +
dehiscent +  and indehiscent +
bristly +, smooth +, hairy +  and glabrous +
tuberculate +  and muricate +
fleshy +  and hard +
pistillate +, staminate +  and umbelliform +
densely hispid-hirsute +  and hirsute or hirsute-villous +
perennial +
dioecious +  and monoecious +
umbellate;subumbellate +
solitary +, corymbose +, fasciculate +, racemose +  and paniculate +
petiolate +, estipulate +  and simple +
serrate +  and denticulate +
not differentiated +
induplicate-valvate +  and imbricate +
distinct +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
Enum. Pl. China Bor., +
lu1982a +
not arillate +
flattened +  and obovoid +
lanceolate +
Introduced +
climbing +  and procumbent +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
columnar +
Thladiantha +
Cucurbitaceae +
2-branched +  and unbranched +
plant +  and climbing +