Vanilla barbellata

Reichenbach f.

Flora 48: 274. 1865.

Common names: Worm vine
Illustrated
Synonyms: Vanilla articulata Northrop
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 509. Mentioned on page 508.

Roots usually 1–2 per node, gray, 1–3 mm diam. when aerial, thicker and villous when in contact with substrate, glabrous. Stems occasionally branched, 3–9 mm diam., smooth. Leaves early deciduous; blade broad basally, otherwise narrowly lanceolate, relatively thin, to 4 × 0.8 cm. Inflorescences axillary on short lateral branches, several to many-flowered racemes, 1.5–6 cm excluding peduncle; floral bracts broadly ovate, 4–12 mm, fleshy. Flowers: sepals and petals green, somewhat spreading, distinct and free; sepals oblong-oblanceolate, 3–4 × 0.9–1.2 cm; petals oblong-oblanceolate, slightly falcate, dorsally keeled, 3–4 × 1–1.3 cm, apex acute to obtuse; lip greenish abaxially, deep red adaxially, shading to white margin, with broad, yellow midrib, overall triangular-obovate, medially thickened, apex 3-lobed, lateral lobes arching over column, orbiculate, margins involute, sinuses 4–5 mm deep, middle lobe reflexed, fleshy; disc with tuft of rigid, retrorse bristles; claw and basal margins adnate to proximal 1/2 of column; column straight, semiterete, 2.3–3.3 cm; pedicellate ovary 3–4.5 cm. Berries pendent, fusiform-cylindric, slightly curved, 7–9 cm × 9–13 mm.


Phenology: Flowering Apr–Jun.
Habitat: Mangroves, coastal hammocks, bay tree islands, rocky pinelands
Elevation: 0–20 m

Discussion

Vanilla barbellata is known in the flora area from several keys in Everglades National Park, Miami, Miami-Dade and Monroe counties, Florida (P. M. Brown 2002).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Vanilla barbellata"
self-pollination +
3-lobed (?) +, Acute (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
James D. Ackerman +
Reichenbach f. +
indehiscent +
7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br /> (?) +  and 9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br /> (?) +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (?) +  and 1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (?) +
not +  and articulate +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
lanceolate +
0cm;0.8cm +
semiterete +
2.3cm +  and 3.3cm +
Worm vine +
ornamented +
Fla. +  and West Indies +
0–20 m +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
3-merous +, sessile +  and pedicellate +
Mangroves, coastal hammocks, bay tree islands, rocky pinelands +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
sheathless +  and articulate +
deciduous +
cauline +  and basal +
reduced +
leathery +  and fleshy +
shading +  and white +
triangular-obovate +
larger +
differing in form and color +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
free +  and distinct +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
Flowering Apr–Jun. +
many-flowered +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
aerial +  and subterranean +
glabrous +  and villous +
1 +  and 2 +
slender +
thicker +
free +  and distinct +
oblong-oblanceolate +
foliaceous +
not +  and alike +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Illustrated +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
pendent +  and erect +
proliferous +
thickened +  and stout +
succulent +
concave +  and convex +
Vanilla articulata +
Vanilla barbellata +
species +
triangular +
annual +  and perennial +
hemiepiphytic +  and terrestrial +
saprophytic +, photosynthetic +  and mycotrophic +