Vanilla phaeantha

Reichenbach f.

Flora 48: 274. 1865.

Common names: Leafy vanilla oblong-leaved vanilla
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 509. Mentioned on page 507, 508.

Roots usually 1 per node, aerial portions 1–2 mm diam. Stems occasionally branched, leafy, thick, 8–12 mm diam., smooth. Leaves persistent; blade oblongelliptic, flat, equal to or shorter than internodes, to 15 × 2.5–5 cm, fleshy-leathery, tapering to acute apex. Inflorescences axillary, 12-flowered racemes, short-pedunculate, ± to 8 cm excluding peduncle; floral bracts foliaceous, ovate, cucullate, to 2.5 × 1.5 cm, fleshy. Flowers: sepals and petals spreading, green, fleshy, rigid; sepals narrowly oblanceolate, 7–9 × 1.3–2 cm, margins straight, apex obtuse to acute, spreading; petals obliquely narrowly oblanceolate, abaxially keeled, thinner than sepals, 6.5–8 ×1–1.5 cm, apex acute to subacuminate; lip adnate to column for 3 cm, white becoming yellow-cream toward apex, lamina gulletlike, cuneate, obovate, clawed, obscurely 3-lobed distally, to 7.5–9 × 3.5–4 cm when spread, lateral lobes arching over column, margins involute, apex rounded, middle lobe broadly subquadrangular, margins undulate, apex retuse; disc with multiple longitudinal ribs, central tuft of retrorse scales, thickened broad rib extending from tuft to apex; column curved distal to middle, white, slender, 6.5 cm, adaxially bearded; pollinia yellow; pedicellate ovary 4–8 cm. Berries cylindric, 8–10 × 1 cm.


Phenology: Flowering Apr–Jul.
Habitat: Cypress swamps, hammocks
Elevation: 0–20 m

Distribution

V26 1038-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., West Indies (Trinidad)

Discussion

Vanilla phaeantha is known in the flora area only from Collier County, Florida (P. M. Brown 2002).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Vanilla phaeantha"
self-pollination +
yellow-cream +  and white +
Retuse (?) +, Rounded (?) +, Acute (?) +  and Subacuminate (?) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
James D. Ackerman +
Reichenbach f. +
indehiscent +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (?) +  and 10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (?) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
not +  and articulate +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
tapering +  and acute +
2.5cm;5cm +
distal +  and middle +
semiterete +  and elongate +
slender +
Leafy vanilla +  and oblong-leaved vanilla +
ornamented +
Fla. +  and West Indies (Trinidad) +
0–20 m +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
3-merous +, sessile +  and pedicellate +
Cypress swamps, hammocks +
7.5cm;9cm +
3-lobed +, clawed +, obovate +, cuneate +  and gulletlike +
3.5cm;4cm +
sheathless +  and articulate +
persistent +
cauline +  and basal +
reduced +
leathery +  and fleshy +
larger +
undulate +
differing in form and color +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
free +  and distinct +
6.5 cm65 mm <br />0.065 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
rigid +  and fleshy +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
Flowering Apr–Jul. +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
short-pedunculate +  and 12-flowered +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
multiple +
gray-green +
aerial +  and subterranean +
villous +  and glabrous +
slender +
free +  and distinct +
oblanceolate +
rigid +  and fleshy +
not +  and alike +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
leafy +  and branched +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
pendent +  and erect +
proliferous +
thickened +  and stout +
succulent +
concave +  and convex +
Vanilla phaeantha +
species +
triangular +
annual +  and perennial +
hemiepiphytic +  and terrestrial +
saprophytic +, photosynthetic +  and mycotrophic +