Achlys triphylla

(Smith) de Candolle

Syst. Nat. 2: 35. 1821. 1821

Common names: Deer-foot vanilla-leaf
EndemicIllustrated
Basionyms: Leontice triphylla Smith in A. Rees, Cycl. 20: [5]. 1812
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Plants, 2-4 dm. Leaves: petiole 1-3 cm. Central leaflet blade 4-11 × 4-8 cm, proximal margins entire, distal margins (1-) 3-4 (-8) -lobed. Inflorescences 2.5-5 cm excluding peduncle. Flowers: stamens 3-4 mm; ovaries 1-1.5 mm. Follicles red-purple, 3-4.5 mm. 2n = 12.


Phenology: Flowering spring–summer (Apr–Jul).
Habitat: Mountain regions in Cascade Range and Coast Range of California in coniferous forests
Elevation: 0-1500 m

Distribution

B.C., Calif., Oreg., Wash.

Discussion

Medicinally, Native Americans used preparations of the leaves of Achlys triphylla to treat tuberculosis, for a hair wash, and as an emetic (D. E. Moermann 1986).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"less" is not a number."dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Achlys triphylla"
R. David Whetstone +, T.A. Atkinson +  and Daniel D. Spaulding +
(Smith) de Candolle +
Leontice triphylla +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
Deer-foot +  and vanilla-leaf +
(1-)3-4(-8)-lobed +
B.C. +, Calif. +, Oreg. +  and Wash. +
0-1500 m +
small +  and large +
white;cream +
inconspicuous +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (?) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
brown +  and purplish red +
Mountain regions in Cascade Range and Coast Range of California in coniferous forests +
axillary +  and terminal +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
3-foliolate +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (11 cm110 mm <br />0.11 m <br />) +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (?) +  and 8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (?) +
entire;coarsely sinuate +
1-carpellate +
basal +  and superior +
ellipsoid +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
3-merous +  and 2-merous +
distinct +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
Flowering spring–summer (Apr–Jul). +
extensive +
distinct +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
scapose-pedunculate +
elongating +
palmate +  and pinnate +
persistent +
Achlys triphylla +
species +
deciduous +  and perennial +