Acleisanthes lanceolata var. lanceolata

Illustrated
Synonyms: Selinocarpus maloneanus B. L. Turner Acleisanthes lanceolata var. maloneana
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 38. Mentioned on page 37.

Plants herbaceous or basally woody, lightly pubescent, hairs appressed, mostly retrorse, white, flattened, minute. Stems erect or decumbent, densely leafy, 10–50 cm. Leaves grayish green when fresh or dry, sessile or petiolate, those of a pair slightly unequal, gradually reduced toward inflorescence, thick and succulent; petiole 0–3 mm; blade lanceolate to broadly ovate, 12–40 × 4–13 mm, base obtuse or ± cordate, margins entire, apex acute or obtuse. Flowers 1 (–2) in axils of distal leaves; pedicel 0–1 mm; perianth 30–42 mm, tube pale greenish, limbs cream or pale-yellow, 10–15 mm diam.; stamens 5 (–6). Fruits 6–9 mm, publerulent with flattened, white hairs; wings 2–4 mm wide.


Phenology: Flowering late spring–early fall.
Habitat: Gypsum hills and flats
Elevation: 1000-1900 m

Distribution

V4 70-distribution-map.gif

N.Mex., Tex., Mexico (n Chihuahua)

Discussion

On average, Acleisanthes lanceolata leaves increase in breadth along a north-to-south gradient. B. A. Fowler and B. L. Turner (1977) recognized this variation at the varietal level, establishing Selinocarpus lanceolatus var. megaphyllus B. A. Fowler & B. L. Turner, a taxon restricted to gypsum outcrops in Chihuahua. In 1993, Turner revisited the complex, recognizing the Chihuahuan variety as S. megaphyllus (B. A. Fowler & B. L. Turner) B. L. Turner and established S. maloneanus (later reduced to varietal status) for populations in western Texas and northeastern Chihuahua, which have leaves averaging somewhat broader than those of var. lanceolatus. The perianth differences noted are variable. The “megaphyllus” phase is notably different from the “lanceolatus” phase. In at least some of the populations of S. megaphyllus, however, plants with typical “lanceolatus” foliage occur along with plants intergradient to broader-leaved forms. For this reason, Fowler and Turner’s approach of treating variation in the group at the varietal level is followed here. R. A. Levin (2002) did not recognized any varieties.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"thick" is not a number.

Jackie M. Poole +
(Wooton) R. A. Levin +
glutinous +
symmetric +  and asymmetric +
cordate +  and obtuse +
unequal +
woody +, leathery +  and fleshy +
Selinocarpus lanceolatus +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
lanceolate;broadly ovate +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
4mm;13mm +
persistent +
distinct +
lanceolate +
minute +, small +  and not accrescent +
corollalike +  and petaloid +
pedicellate +, short +, sessile +  and few-flowered +
N.Mex. +, Tex. +  and Mexico (n Chihuahua) +
1000-1900 m +
curved +  and straight +
pedicellate +, short +  and sessile +
inconspicuous +  and showy +
cleistogamous +, chasmogamous +  and bisexual +
publerulent +
ellipsoid +  and oblong +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
coriaceous +
Gypsum hills and flats +
flattened +
minute +
bracteate +, congested +, open +  and cymose +
axillary +  and terminal +
petiolate +  and sessile +
grayish green +
reduced +  and unequal +
succulent +
pale-yellow +  and cream +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
5-lobed +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
sinuate +  and entire +
expanded +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (?) +
chasmogamous +  and cleistogamous +
constricted +, short +  and elongate +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4.2 cm42 mm <br />0.042 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Flowering late spring–early fall. +
rounded +
thick +  and thin +
fibrous;fleshy +
membranaceous +
ribbed +, 10-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
pubescent +, glabrous +  and warty +
wrinkled +
Illustrated +
decumbent +  and erect +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
woody +  and herbaceous +
fusiform +  and linear +
filiform +
Selinocarpus maloneanus +  and Acleisanthes lanceolata var. maloneana +
Acleisanthes lanceolata var. lanceolata +
Acleisanthes lanceolata +
variety +
gland-tipped +
pale greenish +
domelike +
woody +  and herbaceous +
coriaceous +
2mm +  and 4mm +