Agrimonia parviflora

Aiton

Hort. Kew. 2: 130. 1789.

Illustrated
Synonyms: Agrimonia polyphylla Urban A. serrifolia Wallroth A. suaveolens Pursh
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 314.

Herbs, 5–20 dm. Roots: tubers absent. Stems with glistening glandular-hairs (stipitate and sessile) and pubescent to villous and hirsute (hairs stiff, scattered, erect, 2–3 mm). Leaves: mid cauline stipules ± falcate, margins dentate, apical lobes long-attenuate; major leaflets 3–19 (mid cauline 9–13), minor 1–4 pairs; major leaflet blades lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, rarely narrowly rhombic, terminal largest, largest of these 3.4–8.5 × 1.2–2.4 cm, margins serrate to dentate, apex acuminate or long-acuminate, rarely acute, abaxial surface usually glistening with sessile-glandular hairs and pubescent to villous and hirsute (hairs stiff, ± scattered, 1–3 mm, densest along major veins). Inflorescences: axes glistening with sessile-glandular hairs and pubescent to villous and hirsute (hairs scattered, ± erect, 1–2 mm, usually lacking distally). Flowers usually ± subopposite. Fruiting hypanthia broadly campanulate to broadly turbinate, rarely broadly obconic or hemispheric, 1.3–3 × 1.7–3.8 mm, moderately to shallowly sulcate, hooked bristles in 3–4 circumferential rows, proximal row spreading ± 90° to ± reflexed, usually glistening with sessile-glandular hairs, ridges sometimes sparingly hirsute. 2n = 28.


Phenology: Flowering mid Jul–early Sep.
Habitat: Edges, open spaces, thickets deciduous or mixed woods and thickets in wet places
Elevation: 0–1100 m

Distribution

V9 510-distribution-map.jpg

Ont., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va., Wis., West Indies (Dominican Republic), in South America (Argentina), in South America (s Brazil)

Discussion

Plants of Agrimonia parviflora with major leaflet blades narrowly elliptic and with acute apices are occasionally found throughout the range. Eupatorium parviflorum (Aiton) Nieuwland is an illegitimate name that pertains here.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Agrimonia parviflora"
hirsute +, pubescent +  and villous +
long-attenuate +
Genevieve J. Kline +  and Paul D. Sørensen +
hirsute +, pubescent +  and villous +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
few-toothed +, entire +, less narrowly obovate +  and more or less narrowly elliptic +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (22 cm220 mm <br />0.22 m <br />) +
coriaceous +
hooked;broadly campanulate;broadly turbinate rarely broadly obconic or hemispheric +
free +  and distinct +
annular +
Ont. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, West Indies (Dominican Republic) +, in South America (Argentina) +  and in South America (s Brazil) +
not +  and aggregated +
0–1100 m +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
hemispheric +  and obconic +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.66 cm6.6 mm <br />0.0066 m <br />) +
sessile +  and short-stipitate +
Edges, open spaces, thickets deciduous or mixed woods and thickets in wet places +
straight +
compound +, simple +  and 9-120-flowered +
crassinucellate +
persistent +
3.4 cm34 mm <br />0.034 m <br /> (8.5 cm85 mm <br />0.085 m <br />) +
largest +  and major +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br />) +
incised +  and dentate +
few-toothed +  and entire +
inferior +  and superior +
clustered +, biseriate +  and superposed +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
Flowering mid Jul–early Sep. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
slender +
not arillate +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
erect +  and spreading +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Illustrated +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
ascending +  and erect +
1 +  and 5 +
deciduous +
distinct +
basal +, lateral +, subterminal +  and terminal +
not elongate +
Agrimonia polyphylla +, A. serrifolia +  and A. suaveolens +
Agrimonia parviflora +
Agrimonia +
species +
inconspicuous +
enlarged +  and small +
oblong +  and fusiform +