Anoda pentaschista

A. Gray

Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 5(6): 22. 1853.

Synonyms: Anoda pentaschista var. obtusior B. L. Robinson Sidanoda pentaschista
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 236. Mentioned on page 235.

Subshrubs, widely branching, 1–2 m. Stems erect, often purplish, minutely stellate-hairy, hairs to 0.1 mm, glabrescent. Leaves: petiole commonly 1/4 length of blade (longer on juvenile leaves), minutely stellate-hairy, hairs to 0.1 mm; blade markedly discolorous, highly variable in form and size, often narrowly oblong or linear, usually 1.5+ cm, coriaceous, base sometimes hastate, margins usually entire, apex acute, surfaces ± tomentulose. Inflorescences panicles. Pedicels 1.5–3.5 cm. Flowers: calyx 3–5 mm, lobes with dark midribs, apex acute, minutely hairy; petals pale-yellow, sometimes fading reddish, 10 mm; staminal column apically scabrid, otherwise glabrous; style 5–8-branched; stigmas glabrous. Schizocarps 4–5 mm diam., minutely hairy; mericarps 5–8, with dorsal spur to 0.5 mm. Seeds without enclosing endocarp. 2n = 30.


Phenology: Flowering late summer–mid winter.
Habitat: Disturbed sites, roadsides, agricultural fields
Elevation: 100–600(–1500) m

Distribution

V6 421-distribution-map.jpg

Ariz., Calif., N.Mex., Tex., Mexico

Discussion

Anoda pentaschista occurs widely in Mexico mostly at lower elevations from Baja California south to Oaxaca. It has been found in the southern coastal bend of Texas south to Cameron County; in Hidalgo County, New Mexico; in Cochise, Maricopa, and Pima counties in Arizona; and as an introduction in Imperial County, California.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Anoda pentaschista"
Paul A. Fryxell† +  and Steven R. Hill +
A. Gray +
hastate +
discolorous +
linear +  and oblong +
variable +
ribbed +, not inflated +  and not , +
accrescent +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
white +, purplish +, lavender +  and yellow +
Ariz. +, Calif. +, N.Mex. +, Tex. +  and Mexico +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br />) +
100–600(–1500) m +
sparse;copious +
pistillate +  and staminate +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
oblate +  and not inflated +
Disturbed sites, roadsides, agricultural fields +
glabrescent +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br />) +
axillary +  and terminal +
tough-fibrous +
connate +  and distinct +
dehiscent +  and disintegrating +
simple +, stipulate +, sessile +, subsessile +  and petiolate +
distichous +  and alternate +
ovate +  and triangular +
wedge--shaped +
3-40-carpellate +
(1-)2-many +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
adnate +  and distinct +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (?) +
1/4 length of blade +
stellate-hairy +
Flowering late summer–mid winter. +
Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. +
4mm +  and 5mm +
hairy +  and glabrous +
reniform +
persistent +
sessile +  and subsessile +
filiform +, linear +  and capitate +
1-2 times number of carpels +
inconspicuous +
5-8-branched +
Anoda pentaschista var. obtusior +  and Sidanoda pentaschista +
Anoda pentaschista +
species +
monoecious +, dioecious +  and hermaphroditic +