Anthephora

Schreb.
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 25. Treatment on page 535.

Plants annual or perennial; tufted or cespitose. Culms 15-50 cm, not woody. Sheaths open; ligules membranous. Inflorescences terminal, spikelike panicles, each node supporting a highly reduced branch or fascicle of spikelets; fascicles imbricate, with a short, thick, basal stipe sub¬tending 4 thick, rigid, coriaceous, many-veined, flat, narrowly elliptic to ovate bracts; bracts fused at the base, enclosing 2-11 spikelets, 1-2 of the spikelets sterile or reduced; disarticula¬tion beneath the fascicles. Spikelets with 2 florets. Lower glumes absent; upper glumes acicular, 1-veined, awned; lower florets sterile, sometimes reduced; lower lemmas 7-veined; lower paleas subequal to the lower lemmas; upper florets bisexual, sterile, or reduced; upper lemmas faintly 3-veined. Caryopses ellipsoidal, x = 9.

Distribution

Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Pacific Islands (Hawaii), Fla.

Discussion

Anthephora is a genus of 12 species. Most of the species are native to Africa and Arabia. One species is native to tropical America and has become established in the Flora region.

The fascicle bracts are often interpreted as the lower glumes of the spikelets, but the devel¬opmental studies needed to evaluate this interpretation have not been conducted.

"thick" is not a number."decumbent" is not a number."elongated" is not a number.

... more about "Anthephora"
anatomy +  and kranz +
Mary E. Barkworth +
Schreb. +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
keeled +  and rounded +
pseudopetiolate +  and branching +
divergent +  and parallel +
intravaginal +, extravaginal +, branching +  and basal +
swelling +
membranous +
disarticulating +  and pseudopetiolate +
non-radiate +  and radiate +
usually linear +  and lanceolate occasionally ovate +
1 (?) +  and 2 (?) +
narrowly elliptic +  and ovate +
reduced +
coriaceous +  and rigid +
spikelike +
reduced +
not developed +
ellipsoidal +
sometimes longer +
branched +  and solid +
ascending +  and erect +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
not woody +
Puerto Rico +, Virgin Islands +, Pacific Islands (Hawaii) +  and Fla. +
capillary +
germination +
pistillate +  and staminate +
sometimes longer +
compressed +  and terete +
shorter or longer +
subtending +
unequal +
membranous +
uncinate +
bracteate +  and ebracteate +
solid +  and hollow +
cauline +  and basal +
coriaceous +
membranous +
inconspicuous +
complex +  and simple +
concealed +  and prominent +
2 +  and 1 +
subterranean +
spikelike +
dry +  and fleshy +
reeder1960a +
in triplets +  and paired +
2 +  and 11 +
compressed +  and terete +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
fused +  and free +
2 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
dome--shaped +  and triangular +
Gramineae +
Anthephora +
Poaceae tribe Paniceae +
membranous +
sterile +  and bisexual +
cartilaginous +, coriaceous +  and indurate +
perennial +  and annual +
plant +  and cespitose +
aquatic +  and terrestrial +
dioecious +, monoecious +  and synoecious +