Arctostaphylos columbiana

Piper in C. V. Piper and R. K. Beattie

in C. V. Piper and R. K. Beattie, Fl. N.W. Coast, 279. 1915 ,.

Common names: Hairy manzanita
IllustratedEndemic
Synonyms: Arctostaphylos columbiana var. tracyi (Eastwood) J. E. Adams ex McMinn Arctostaphylos tracyi
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 425. Mentioned on page 414, 415.

Shrubs or trees, erect, 2–5 m; burl absent; twigs densely short-hairy, usually with long, white hairs, often glandular. Leaves: petiole 4–10 mm; blade dark green, dull, lanceolate-ovate to narrowly oblong-ovate, 4–6 × 2–3 cm, base cuneate to ± rounded, margins entire, plane, surfaces ± papillate, finely scabrous, finely hairy, sparsely glandular-hairy. Inflorescences panicles, 3–8-branched; immature inflorescence pendent, branches ± spreading, axis 1.5–2.5 cm, 1+ mm diam., densely short-hairy, usually with long, white hairs, sometimes glandular; bracts not appressed, (green), leaflike, oblong-lanceolate, 10–18 mm, apex acuminate, surfaces finely glandular-hairy. Pedicels 2–4 mm, finely glandular-hairy. Flowers: corolla white, conic to urceolate; ovary densely white-hairy, sometimes sparsely glandular. Fruits depressed-globose, 8–11 mm diam., sparsely hairy. Stones distinct. 2n = 26.


Phenology: Flowering winter–early spring.
Habitat: Chaparral, gaps and margins of conifer forests along coast, sometimes extending inland, open areas around rock outcrops
Elevation: 0-1000(-1400) m

Distribution

V8 805-distribution-map.gif

B.C., Calif., Oreg., Wash.

Discussion

Arctostaphylos columbiana is widespread near the coast from northern California to southern British Columbia; it extends inland along the Columbia River Gorge in Oregon and Washington, and inland in Oregon to the western base of the Cascades. Some variation in twig indument occurs in the prominence of longer, stiff hairs, and in the degree of glandulosity. Some plants along the immediate coast of northern California into Oregon lack the longer hairs and have been distinguished as var. tracyi. Hybrids with A. uva-ursi are low shrubs (0.5–1 m) with intermediate vegetative characters. Referred to as A. ×media Piper, these hybrids have been reported from British Columbia, California, Oregon, and Washington.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"entire" is not a number.

... more about "Arctostaphylos columbiana"
V. Thomas Parker +, Michael C. Vasey +  and Jon E. Keeley +
Piper in C. V. Piper and R. K. Beattie +
short-hairy +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
not furrowed +
gray +  and reddish +
persistent +
exfoliating +
cuneate;more or less rounded +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
lanceolate-ovate;narrowly oblong-ovate +
coriaceous +
2cm;3cm +
not imbricate +  and imbricate +
hue +, light-brown +  and tan +
persistent +
oblong-lanceolate +
Hairy manzanita +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
B.C. +, Calif. +, Oreg. +  and Wash. +
brown +, reddish-brown +  and red +
depressed-globose +  and globose +
0-1000(-1400) m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
stonelike +
indehiscent +
depressed-globose +
Chaparral, gaps and margins of conifer forests along coast, sometimes extending inland, open areas around rock outcrops +
multicellular +
opposite +, whorled +  and alternate +
pubescence +  and color +
persistent +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
white-hairy +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
glandular-hairy +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
reduced +
not sticky +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Flowering winter–early spring. +
4-5-carpellate +
in C. V. Piper and R. K. Beattie, Fl. N.W. Coast, +
not +  and connate +
connate +  and distinct +
globose +
persistent +
distinct +
ovate +  and deltate +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
prostrate +  and erect +
peltate +  and capitate +
distinct +
straight +
glandular-hairy +  and hairy +
papillate +
Arctostaphylos columbiana var. tracyi +  and Arctostaphylos tracyi +
Arctostaphylos columbiana +
Arctostaphylos +
species +
short-hairy +
achlorophyllous +  and chlorophyllous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
tree +  and shrub +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +