Arctostaphylos glauca

Lindley

Edwards’s Bot. Reg. 21: sub plate 1791. 1835 ,.

Common names: Bigberry manzanita
Illustrated
Synonyms: Arctostaphylos glauca var. puberula J. T. Howell
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 422. Mentioned on page 412, 427.

Shrubs or trees, erect, mound-forming, 1–8 m; burl absent; twigs usually glabrous, sometimes short-hairy or glandular-hairy. Leaves: petiole 7–15 mm; blade white-glaucous, dull, oblong-ovate to ± orbiculate, 2.5–5 × 2–4 cm, base rounded, truncate, or slightly lobed, margins entire, plane, surfaces smooth, glabrous. Inflorescences panicles, 4–8-branched; immature inflorescence pendent, branches spreading, axis 2–3 cm, 1+ mm diam., usually glabrous, sometimes short-hairy or glandular-hairy; bracts not appressed, (spreading), scalelike, deltate, 3–6 mm, (fleshy), apex mucronate, surfaces glabrous; (buds exposed). Pedicels 8–10 mm, finely glandular-hairy. Flowers: corolla white, conic to urceolate; ovary densely glandular-viscid. Fruits globose, 12–15 mm diam., glabrous, (viscid). Stones connate into single sphere. 2n = 26.


Phenology: Flowering winter–early spring.
Habitat: Rocky slopes, chaparral, woodlands
Elevation: 300-2200 m

Distribution

V8 796-distribution-map.gif

Calif., Mexico (Baja California)

Discussion

Arctostaphylos glauca is widespread, occurring from Mount Diablo in central California through the southern Coast Ranges, east through the Transverse Ranges into the desert, and south in the Peninsular Ranges into northern Baja California, usually in drier interior ranges. It is distinctive throughout its range; however, some populations have nonglandular twig puberulence and others are stipitate-glandular, often mixed in with individuals that are typically glabrous. Arctostaphylos glauca can be a component of chaparral and can also be found in woodlands and at the edges of grasslands.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"entire" is not a number.

... more about "Arctostaphylos glauca"
V. Thomas Parker +, Michael C. Vasey +  and Jon E. Keeley +
Lindley +
glandular-hairy +, short-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
not furrowed +
gray +  and reddish +
persistent +
exfoliating +
lobed;truncate;lobed;truncate;rounded +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
white-glaucous +
oblong-ovate;more or less orbiculate +
coriaceous +
2cm;4cm +
not imbricate +  and imbricate +
hue +, light-brown +  and tan +
persistent +
deltate +  and scale-like +
Bigberry manzanita +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
Calif. +  and Mexico (Baja California) +
brown +, reddish-brown +  and red +
depressed-globose +  and globose +
300-2200 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
stonelike +
indehiscent +
globose +
Rocky slopes, chaparral, woodlands +
multicellular +
opposite +, whorled +  and alternate +
pubescence +  and color +
persistent +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
glandular-viscid +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
glandular-hairy +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
reduced +
not sticky +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
Flowering winter–early spring. +
4-5-carpellate +
Edwards’s Bot. Reg. +
not +  and connate +
connate +  and distinct +
globose +
persistent +
distinct +
ovate +  and deltate +
Illustrated +
prostrate +  and erect +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
Arctostaphylos glauca var. puberula +
Arctostaphylos glauca +
Arctostaphylos +
species +
glandular-hairy +, short-hairy +  and glabrous +
achlorophyllous +  and chlorophyllous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
tree +, mound-forming +  and shrub +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +