Ardisia elliptica

Thunberg

Nov. Gen. Pl., 119. 1798 ,.

Common names: Shoebutton ardisia
WeedyIntroduced
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 320. Mentioned on page 302, 319.

Shrubs, not stoloniferous, 1–2 m; branchlets conspicuously black punctate-lineate, glabrous. Leaves: petiole 5–10 mm, glabrous; blade oblanceolate or obovate, 6–12 (–16) × 3–5 (–7) cm, margins entire, revolute, (without vascularized nodules), apex obtuse or acute, surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences lateral or subterminal, on basally thickened lateral branches, subumbels or umbels, 5+-flowered. Pedicels erect, ca. 1–2 cm, glabrous. Flowers: sepals 5, broadly ovate, ca. 1 mm, margins subentire, (minutely ciliate), apex rounded, densely black-punctate, glabrous; petals 5, pink or white, broadly ovate, 6–8 mm, margins entire, (hyaline, scarious), apex long-acuminate, densely punctate, glabrous; stamens subequaling petals; anthers linear-lanceolate, transversely septate-lobed, apex apiculate, punctate abaxially; ovary pellucid-punctate, glabrous; ovules 5+, multiseriate. Drupes red or purplish black, subglobose, ca. 8 mm diam., minutely punctate. 2n = 48.


Phenology: Flowering Feb–Apr; fruiting Sep–Nov.
Habitat: Roadsides, scrub, near villages, edges of fields, along coasts
Elevation: 0-20 m

Distribution

V8 639-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Fla., pantropical

Discussion

The names Ardisia solanacea Roxburgh and A. polycephala Wight have been misapplied to specimens of A. elliptica, which escapes from cultivation and is invasive.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Ardisia elliptica"
septate-lobed +  and linear-lanceolate +
punctate +  and black-punctate +
Long-acuminate (?) +, Rounded (?) +, Acute (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
John J. Pipoly III +  and Jon M. Ricketson +
Thunberg +
acute +  and obovate +
12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br /> (16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
sculpted +  and entire +
obovate;oblanceolate +
3cm;5cm +
Shoebutton ardisia +
Fla. +  and pantropical +
purplish black +  and red +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (?) +
subglobose +
0-20 m +
curved +  and straight +
free +  and connate +
costate +  and drupaceous +
indehiscent +
subglobose +  and globose +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
Roadsides, scrub, near villages, edges of fields, along coasts +
stipitate-stellate +
nectariferous +
glandular-villous +
subterminal +  and lateral +
monomorphic +
persistent +
subentire +
pellucid-punctate +
tenuinucellate +  and bitegmic +
anatropous;campylotropous +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
White (?) +  and Pink (?) +
connate;proximally nearly distinct +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Flowering Feb–Apr +  and fruiting Sep–Nov. +
3-5-carpellate +
Nov. Gen. Pl., +
membranous +
White (?) +  and Black (?) +
globose +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
Weedy +  and Introduced +
epipetalous +  and antipetalous +
usually capitate;truncate +
punctiform +
rudimentary +
Ardisia elliptica +
species +
inconspicuous +
annual +  and perennial +
glabrescent +  and hairy +