Ardisia escallonioides

Schlechtendal & Chamisso

Linnaea 6: 393. 1831 ,.

Common names: Island marlberry
WeedyIntroduced
Synonyms: Icacorea paniculata (Nuttall) Sudworth
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 320. Mentioned on page 319.

Subshrubs or trees, not stoloniferous, 11–15.2 m; branchlets sparsely to densely rufous-papillate, sometimes also with multicellular hairs. Leaves: petiole 5–12 mm, glabrous; blade elliptic to oblanceolate, 3.2–17.5 × 1.3–6.2 cm, margins entire, flat, (without vascularized nodules), apex acute, surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences terminal, panicles of racemes, 6–18-flowered. Pedicels erect, 0.4–0.6 cm, sparsely to densely rufous-papillate. Flowers: sepals 5–6, ovate, 1.8–2 mm, margins entire, (glandular-ciliolate), apex acute, minutely papillate; petals 5–6, white to pink, lanceolate, 6.7–6.9 mm, margins entire, (hyaline, membranous), apex acute, punctate, with dense, yellow papillae adaxially at base, glabrous; stamens shorter than petals; anthers ovate to lanceolate, apex apiculate, punctate abaxially; ovary pellucid-punctate, glabrous; ovules 39–44, multiseriate. Drupes red, becoming black, 4–7 mm diam., punctate.


Phenology: Flowering May–Jun; fruiting Nov–May.
Habitat: Hammocks
Elevation: 0-30 m

Distribution

V8 640-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Fla., Mexico, West Indies (Barbados), West Indies (Bermuda), West Indies (Cuba), West Indies (Dominican Republic), Central America (Belize), Central America (Guatemala)

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Ardisia escallonioides"
ovate +  and lanceolate +
papillate +
John J. Pipoly III +  and Jon M. Ricketson +
Schlechtendal & Chamisso +
acute +  and obovate +
3.2 cm32 mm <br />0.032 m <br /> (17.5 cm175 mm <br />0.175 m <br />) +
sculpted +  and entire +
elliptic;oblanceolate +
1.3cm;6.2cm +
rufous-papillate +
Island marlberry +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies (Barbados) +, West Indies (Bermuda) +, West Indies (Cuba) +, West Indies (Dominican Republic) +, Central America (Belize) +  and Central America (Guatemala) +
black +  and red +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (?) +
0-30 m +
curved +  and straight +
free +  and connate +
costate +  and drupaceous +
indehiscent +
subglobose +  and globose +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
Hammocks +
multicellular +
stipitate-stellate +
nectariferous +
glandular-villous +
axillary +, subterminal +  and terminal +
monomorphic +
persistent +
undulate +, crenate +  and entire +
pellucid-punctate +
tenuinucellate +  and bitegmic +
anatropous;campylotropous +
39 +  and 44 +
6-18-flowered +
rufous-papillate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
White (?) +  and Pink (?) +
connate;proximally nearly distinct +
0.67 cm6.7 mm <br />0.0067 m <br /> (0.69 cm6.9 mm <br />0.0069 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
Flowering May–Jun +  and fruiting Nov–May. +
3-5-carpellate +
membranous +
White (?) +  and Black (?) +
globose +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (?) +
Weedy +  and Introduced +
epipetalous +  and antipetalous +
usually capitate;truncate +
punctiform +
rudimentary +
Icacorea paniculata +
Ardisia escallonioides +
species +
inconspicuous +
annual +  and perennial +
not stoloniferous;not stoloniferous +
tree +  and subshrub +
glabrescent +  and hairy +