Aronia arbutifolia

(Linnaeus) Persoon

Syn. Pl. 2: 39. 1806.

Common names: Red chokeberry
Endemic
Basionym: Mespilus arbutifolia Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 478. 1753
Synonyms: Aronia glabrescens Spach A. pubens Spach A. pumila M. Roemer A. pyrifolia (Lamarck) Persoon Crataegus pyrifolia Lamarck Halmia tomentosa var. pyrifolia (Lamarck) M. Roemer Photinia pyrifolia (Lamarck) K. R. Robertson & J. B. Phipps Pyrus arbutifolia (Linnaeus) Linnaeus f. Sorbus arbutifolia (Linnaeus) Heinhold
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 446. Mentioned on page 433, 438, 440, 445.

Stems appressed-pilose. Leaves pale green abaxially, dark green and dull adaxially, coloring in autumn; blade 3–7.5 × 2–3.5 cm, apex subacute to acuminate, abaxial surface pilose, adaxial glabrous or glabrescent, midrib abaxially densely gray-hairy, adaxially glandular-hairy. Flowers sweet-scented; hypanthium villous, especially proximally; sepal margins villous proximally; anthers yellow to purplish red. Pomes red, pilose, taste acid and bitter. 2n = 34, 68.


Phenology: Flowering Feb–May; fruiting Sep–Nov.
Habitat: Swamps, wet thickets, peatland pocosins, bogs, fens, wet pine flatwoods, margins of freshwater wetlands, beaver ponds, mixed loblolly pine, Magnolia virginiana-Rhus vernix-swamps, black gum swamps
Elevation: 0–2000 m

Distribution

V9 753-distribution-map.jpg

N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.

Discussion

The presence of Aronia arbutifolia in Maine is uncertain; it has been reported from there, but no specimens are known (A. Haines, pers. comm.).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Aronia arbutifolia"
glabrescent +  and glabrous +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
yellow +  and purplish red +
Richard J. Pankhurst† +
(Linnaeus) Persoon +
brown +  and gray +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
Mespilus arbutifolia +
7.5 cm75 mm <br />0.075 m <br /> (18 cm180 mm <br />0.18 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (7.5 cm75 mm <br />0.075 m <br />) +
elliptic +  and obovate +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (7.5 cm75 mm <br />0.075 m <br />) +
2cm +  and 3.5cm +
reduced +
adnate +  and connate +
Red chokeberry +
N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
not +  and aggregated +
0–2000 m +
sweet-scented +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
black +  and red +
pilose +  and glabrous +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
Swamps, wet thickets, peatland pocosins, bogs, fens, wet pine flatwoods, margins of freshwater wetlands, beaver ponds, mixed loblolly pine, Magnolia virginiana-Rhus vernix-swamps, black gum swamps +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
5-12(-20)-flowered +
crassinucellate +
dark green +  and pale green +
deciduous +
pinnate +  and serrulate-dentate +
toothed +, unlobed +  and lobed +
glandular-hairy +  and gray-hairy +
inferior +  and superior +
biseriate +  and clustered +
collateral +  and basal +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
Flowering Feb–May +  and fruiting Sep–Nov. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
not arillate +
2mm +  and 3mm +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
triangular +
glabrescent +, glabrous +  and appressed-pilose +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
1 +  and 20 +
persistent +
distinct +
basal +, lateral +, subterminal +  and terminal +
elongate +
glabrescent +  and pilose +
Aronia glabrescens +, A. pubens +, A. pumila +, A. pyrifolia +, Crataegus pyrifolia +, Halmia tomentosa var. pyrifolia +, Photinia pyrifolia +, Pyrus arbutifolia +  and Sorbus arbutifolia +
Aronia arbutifolia +
species +
inconspicuous +
shrub +  and suckering +